Quenya zR5Ì#

-nta

suffix. theirs

[PE17/057.2602, PE17/057.2906, PE17/132.1707, PE1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nta

suffix. to become or be made

-nta

their

-nta (2) possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17). Lintienta "their speed" (PE17:58), nassentar "their true-being[s]" (PE17:175). This ending corresponds to -ntë "they" (other versions of Quenya uses -ltë for "they" and hence -lta for "their"). Also -ntya, q.v. According to VT49:17, the ending -nta appears as -inta following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

-nta

-nta

-nta (1) ending for dual allative (Plotz); see -nna

-nta

suffix. theirs

Also glossed as “3rd person plural neuter”, “3rd person plural possessive”.
Variations of the word: -nta, -ntya, -(i)nta/-(i)ntya.

[VT49/17.2806; PE17/057.2602; PE17/057.2906; PE17/132.1707; PE17/190.2710; VT49/17.1803] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

to, towards

na (2) prep. "to, towards", possibly obsoleted by #1 above; for clarity writers may use the synonym ana instead (NĀ1). Originally, Tolkien glossed na as "at, by, near"; the new meaning entered together with the synonyms an, ana (VT45:36).

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”.
@@@ fix weird cognate bug

Element in: Q. namárië

Námo

person, somebody

námo (2) noun "a person, somebody" (PM:340 writers may prefer the synonym quén to avoid confusion with # 1)

námo

noun. person

Also glossed as “somebody (unnamed)”, “a person”.

[PM/340.2609] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nassë

person, an individual

nassë (1) "a person, an individual" (VT49:30). Also translated "true-being" (pl. nasser is attested), the inner "true" being of a person. With a pronominal suffix in the form nassentar "their true-being" (PE17:175, cf. -nta #2), in the source referring to the "true" spiritual nature of the Valar, as hidden within their visible shapes. The word nassentar would seem to be plural, *"their true-beings". Not to be confused with the verb nassë/násë "he/she is"; see #1.

quén

noun. person

Also glossed as “individual”, “man or woman”, “one”, “somebody”.
Variations of the word: quen, -quen.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-quensuffix-WJ/407.2906
quenipluralpeople, theyWJ/372.1302; WJ/361.3103

Element in: Q. aiquen, Q. arquen, Q. ciryaquen, Q. roquen

[WJ/393.0709; PE19/093.0806; WJ/361.3206; WJ/372.1407; WJ/372.1801; WJ/407.2906; WJ/372.1302; WJ/361.3103; WJ/361.3105; WJ/372.1304; WJ/372.1302|WJ/361.3103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lta

their

-lta (and -ltya), 3rd person pl. pronominal possessive suffix "their", alternating with -nta/-ntya in Tolkiens writings (VT49:16, 17), just as the ending -ltë "they" also has the variant -ntë. According to VT49:17, the ending -lta or -ltya will appear as -ilta, -iltya following a consonant; other sources rather point to -e- as the connecting vowel in such cases (VT49:17).

enno

noun. person

Also glossed as “being”.

ta

they, them

ta (3) pron. "they, them", an "impersonal" 3rd person pl. stem, referring "only to 'abstracts' or to things (such as inanimates) not by the Eldar regarded as persons" (VT43:20, cf. ta as an inanimate Common Eldarin plural pronoun, VT49:52). Compare te, q.v. The word ta occurring in some versions of Tolkien's Quenya Lord's Prayer may exemplify this use of ta as an "impersonal" plural pronoun: emmë avatyarir ta** "we forgive them" (VT43:8, 9; this refers to trespasses, not the trespassers). However, since Tolkien also wanted ta to mean "that" (see #1 above), he may seem to be somewhat dissatisfied with ta "they, them", introducing variant forms like tai (VT49:32) to free up ta as a sg. pronoun. In one document, tai was in turn altered to te (VT49:33), which could suggest that the distinction between animate and inanimate "they, them" was abandoned and the form te (q.v.) could be used for both. In some documents, Tolkien seems to use tar as the plural form (VT49:56 mentions this as an uncertain reading in a source where the word was struck out; compare ótar under ó**-).

tai

they, them

tai (2) pron. "they, them", 3rd person pl., used with reference to inanimates rather than persons or living things (VT49:32, see ta #3 above). Perhaps to avoid the clash with tai "that which", the pronoun tai "they, them" was altered to te in at least one manuscript (VT49:33), so that it would merge with the pronoun used of living beings and the distinction between animate and inanimate would be abandoned (see te).

te

they, them

te pron. "they, them", 3rd person pl. (VT49:51, LotR3:VI ch. 4, translated in Letters:308). The pronoun te represents an original stem-form (VT49:50). Dative ten, téna or tien "for them, to them" (q.v.) Stressed (VT49:51). Ótë "with them", q.v. VT43:20 connects te "them" with a discussion of Common Eldarin pronominal stems (ca. 1940s), where te is the "personal" 3rd person pl. stem, referring to persons rather than abstracts or inanimates (which are denoted by ta instead; see, however, the entry ta #3 regarding the problems with this form, and the hints that te may possibly be used with reference to inanimates as well)). Also consider the reflexive pronoun intë "themselves", the final element of which is apparently this pronoun te; see also for the dual form.

toi

they

toi pron. "they" (FS; replaced by te in LotR-style Quenya?)

toi

pronoun. they

eo

pronoun. person

Also glossed as “somebody (unnamed)”, “a person”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
WĒ/EWEa person or beingPM/340.2105
-ō̆pronominal suffixPM/340.2502

[PM/340.2407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-twa

their

-twa 2) an pronominal possessive ending mentioned in one chart of pronouns, apparently "their" referring to two persons (VT49:16); this may be an ending used in colloquial Quenya rather than formal language (it is listed together with the endings -ya "his, her" and -rya "their", that are explicitly said to belong to colloquial Quenya) (VT49:16-17)

attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

ana

to

ana (1) prep. "to" (VT49:35), "as preposition _ana _is used when purely _dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that the preposition ana can be used instead of the dative ending -n (#1, q.v.) Also as prefix: ana- "to, towards" (NĀ1); an (q.v.) is used with this meaning in one source (PE17:127)_

-wë

person

- a suffix occurring in many personal names, generally but not exclusively masculine (Elenwë is the sole certain example of a fem. name with this ending); it is derived from a stem simply meaning "person" (PM:340, WJ:399). In Etym, - is simply defined as an element that is frequent in masculine names, and it is there derived from a stem (WEG) having to do with "(manly) vigour".

-lta

suffix. theirs

Also glossed as “3rd person plural possessive”.
Variations of the word: -lta.

[VT49/17.2809; VT49/16.3804; PE17/190.2709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ttë

they

-ttë (1) "they", dual 3rd person pronominal ending ("the two of them") (VT49:51), replacing (also within the legendarium) the older ending -stë (which was later used for the second person only). This older ending -stë corresponds to a possessive ending -sta "their" (VT49:16), but this was presumably likewise altered to *-tta as the new ending for dual "their" = "of the two of them".

-o

person, somebody

-o (2), also -ó, "a person, somebody", pronominal suffix (PM:340)

-ntya

their

-ntya, possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17), corresponding to -ntë as the ending for "they". Besides -ntya the form -nta is also attested, but the latter clashes with the ending for dual allative. (Other variants of Quenya uses -lta for "their", corresponding to -ltë as the ending for "they".) According to VT49:17, the ending -ntya appears as -intya following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

-ntë

suffix. they

Also glossed as “3rd person plural animate”, “3rd person plural”.
Variations of the word: -nte.

[PE17/057.2502; PE17/190.2809; UT/317.1509; VT49/17.2801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ntë

they

-ntë "they", pronomimal ending, inflexion of 3rd person plural when no subject is previously mentioned (CO; see also VT49:49). This ending competes with -ltë (q.v.) in Tolkiens conception (VT49:57; for "they do", both carintë and cariltë are attested, VT49:16 vs. 17). The corresponding pronominal possessive suffix appears as -ntya or -nta in various sources.

-nna

to

-n (1) dative ending, originating as a reduced form of - "to", related to the allative ending -nna (VT49:14). Attested in nin, men, ten, enyalien, Erun, airefëan, tárin, yondon (q.v.) and also added to the English name Elaine (Elainen) in a book dedication to Elaine Griffiths (VT49:40). The longer dative ending -na is also attested in connection with some pronouns, such as sena, téna, véna (q.v.), also in the noun mariéna from márië "goodness" (PE17:59). Pl. -in (as in hínin, see hína), partitive pl. -lin, dual -nt (Plotz). The preposition ana (#1) is said to be used "when purely dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that it can replace the dative ending, e.g. *ana Eru instead of Erun for "to God". In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the ending -n (or -en) expressed genitive rather than dative, but he later decided that the genitive ending was to be -o (cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren becoming Yénië Valinórëo, MR:200).

-nna

to, at, upon

-nna "to, at, upon", allative ending, originating from -na "to" with fortified n, VT49:14. Attested in cilyanna, coraryanna, Endorenna, Elendilenna, númenórenna, parma-restalyanna, rénna, senna, tielyanna, q.v. If a noun ends in -n already, the ending -nna merges with it, as in Amanna, formenna, Elenna, númenna, rómenna as the allative forms of Aman, formen, elen, númen, rómen (q.v.). Plural -nnar in mannar, valannar, q.v.

-lto

they

-lto, "Qenya" pronominal ending "they"; see -ltë

-lte

suffix. they

Also glossed as “3rd person plural”, “[Plural] 3”.
Variations of the word: -lte.

[PE17/075.4403; PE17/190.2808; VT49/16.3803; VT49/17.2802; VT49/51.2706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ltë

they

-ltë, 3rd person pl. pronominal suffix, "they" (VT49:51; cariltë "they do", VT49:16, 17). It alternates with -ntë in Tolkiens manuscripts (VT49:17, 57). In his early material, the ending also appears as -lto, occurring in Fíriel's Song (meldielto "they are beloved" and cárielto "they made"), also in LT1:114: tulielto "they have come" (cf. VT49:57). Compare -lta, -ltya as the ending for "their".

they, them

pron. "they, them", 3rd person dual ("the two of them"), both "personal and neuter" (the pronoun can be used of persons and things alike). (VT49:51) Tolkien also considered tet for the same meaning, listing it alongside in one source (VT49:56), but this form was apparently abandoned.

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-ent

suffix. their

Also glossed as “3rd pl. poss. suffix”, “3rd person plural possessive suffix”.

[PE17/046.2602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-weg

suffix. person

Also glossed as “being”, “individual; active in doing”, “active in doing”, “individual”, “a person or being”.

Element in: S. Bronwë, S. carweg, S. madweg, S. pedweg

[PE17/189.3310; PE17/190.1518-1; PE17/190.0807; PE17/190.1110; PE17/144.4201; PE17/189.2307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-wen

suffix. their

_3rd pl. poss. suff. their.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ent_. -ent

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

an

preposition. to, towards, for

With suffixed article and elision in aglar'ni Pheriannath

[LotR/II:IV, UT/39, SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

an

to

_ prep. _to, for. naur an edraith ammen! 'fire [be] for rescue/saving for us'. aglar an|i Pheriannath  'glory to all the Halflings'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:38:102:147] < _ana _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

an

preposition. to

Also glossed as “for”, “to the”, “to/for”, “to us”.
Variations of the word: an, ’ni, ann.

Elements

WordGlossSource
an-PE17/038.2603
menusPE17/038.2605

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
AelidedtoSD/129.0801
amassimilatedtoLB/354.2803-1; SD/129.0804
amassimilated*toVT44/27.3701-1
ammen1st-plfor usLotR/0290.3703; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0307.1305; PE17/045.2002
ammen1st-pl*to usVT50/23.1305
anim1st-sgfor myselfLotR/1061.4008; PE17/117.1602
anim1st-sgto selfVT47/37.4413
annin1st-sg-PE17/147.0413

Element in: S. an, S. anann, S. anglenna-, S. aníra-

[Let/448.3502; LotR/0953.2006; SD/129.0801; LB/354.2803-1; VT44/27.3701-1; SD/129.0804; PE17/045.2002; PE17/038.2602; VT50/23.1305; LotR/0307.1305; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0290.3703; PE17/038.2102; PE17/147.0202; LotR/0299.1802; UT/039.1202; LotR/0290.3701; PE17/038.2603; VT47/37.4413; PE17/117.1602; LotR/1061.4008; VT44/22.1303; PE17/147.0413; LB/354.2803-1|SD/129.0804; LotR/0290.3703|LotR/0299.1804|LotR/0307.1305|PE17/045.2002; LotR/1061.4008|PE17/117.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. to

_prep.to. Na-chaered palan-díriel_ lit. 'To-distance (remote) after-gazing'. na-chaered, nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:25] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

to

e _ prep. _to, towards (of spacetime). n' before vowels. nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _nā _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “at”, “at (a point of time or place)”, “To”.
Variations of the word: na.

[LotR/0209.3110; PE17/016.1302; PE17/025.2102; PE17/025.2112; PE17/147.0701; PE17/147.1314; LotR/0238.0601; RGEO/63.0601; RGEO/64.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an

to

(adverbial prefix) an-. 3)

an

to

(prep.) an (+ nasal mutation), with article ni "to the" (+ nasal mutation in plural).

hîn

they

(of women) hîn. It is unclear whether Tolkien maintained this ”Noldorin” pronoun in Sindarin.

Telerin 1RjR7T5

pa

preposition. to, on

[PE13/151.5403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

u

preposition. to

Variations of the word: u.

[LotR/0445.1707; PE17/078.3902; PM/083.0909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

heltha-

verb. to strip

The form helta- in the Etymologies is a misreading according to VT/46:14

[Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-na

suffix. to

Element in: P. ndakna

[VT49/14.2113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwēn

noun. person

Also glossed as “one”, “(some)body”, “person (m. and f.)”, “speaking”, “speaker”, “one using vocal language”, “user of articulate sounds”.
Variations of the word: kwen, kwēn.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-kwensuffix-WJ/360.0709
kwenīsuffixpersons, (some) peopleWJ/360.0709

Element in: P. rokokwēn

[WJ/375.1702; WJ/360.0710; WJ/360.0709; WJ/407.2404; WJ/416.1811; WJ/392.3908; WJ/360.0801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. person

[VT47/35.2705] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na/ana

root. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “allative”, “motion to”, “to(wards)”, “towards; added to”, “plu-”, “allative base”, “to (of movement that reached an object)”.
Variations of the word: ANA, NA, , an.

Element in: P. anta-

[PE22/168.1701; PE22/157.1905; PE18/085.3015; VT48/25.3408; PE18/088.0909; PE17/147.2001; PE17/147.3101; PE17/040.1111; PE17/091.3616; PE22/163.1017; PE17/091.3101; PE17/147.3107; PE17/147.3103; PE17/145.4110; PE17/082.0401; PE17/146.4201; PE17/166.0101; PE18/085.3017; PE17/166.0102; PE18/088.1106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

te

pronoun. they

Also glossed as “P[lural] 3”, “3 pl.”.
Variations of the word: t(e), te.

[VT49/17.0708; VT49/21.0201; VT49/37.1310; VT49/52.1504; VT49/50.2508] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-nta

suffix. to

Also glossed as “at”, “towards; allative suffix”, “towards”, “allative”.
Variations of the word: -tta, -inta, -itta, -ta, -anta, -atta.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-intarplural-PE14/047.1010

[PE14/047.0214; PE14/078.1101; PE14/078.1103; PE14/047.0107; PE14/047.1010; PE14/047.0108; PE14/046.1001; PE14/078.0501; PE14/047.0209; PE14/078.1601; PE14/046.1002; PE14/078.0502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nta

suffix. to become or be made

Also glossed as “to become/or be made”.
Variations of the word: -́nta.

[PE22/114.2010; PE22/114.3801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an(a)

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “at”, “by”, “near”, “at hand”.

[SD/290.1110; Ety/NĀ¹.005; SD/290.1310; EtyAC/NĀ¹.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ana-

prefix. to

Also glossed as “towards”.

[Ety/NĀ¹.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enno

noun. person

Also glossed as “being”, “a person”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
ea-a personPE22/122.2907

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ennorpluralpersonsPE22/124.0807

[PE22/123.0813; PE22/124.0807] Group: Eldamo. Published by

he

pronoun. they

Also glossed as “them”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
hénerstative-past plural-PE22/123.3811
hierstative plural-PE22/123.3311

[PE22/106.0210; PE22/115.0510; PE22/118.2815; PE22/127.0317; PE22/123.3811; PE22/123.3311] Group: Eldamo. Published by

inti

pronoun. they

[PE22/124.0907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

intin

pronoun. they

@@@ Regarding -n see “the final -m/n that sometimes appears at the end of object pronouns in pl. and belongs to them, not to the subject.” (PE22/94) as suggested by Aleksandr Zaprjagaev: <a href="https://plus.google.com/106606644275525545350/posts/GmuADVLCKuq">https://plus.google.com/106606644275525545350/posts/GmuADVLCKuq">https://plus.google.com/106606644275525545350/posts/GmuADVLCKuq</a>

[PE22/124.0907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”.

toi

pronoun. they

Also glossed as “They”, “which [they]”.

[LR/072.1101; LR/072.1401; LR/072.3801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

khe

pronoun. they

[PE22/094.1903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nā¹/ana

root. to

Also glossed as “towards”.
Variations of the word: NĀ¹, ANA¹.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ANinversion-Ety/YAB.013
ANAinversion-Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/RIG.024

[Ety/YAB.013; Ety/ANA¹.001; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.003; Ety/RIG.024; EtyAC/YAB.019; Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/ANA¹.003|Ety/AR¹.025|Ety/NĀ¹.001|Ety/RIG.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

an

noun. person

Also glossed as “-body”, “one”, “anyone”, “someone”, “they; creature”, “creature”, “they”.

Element in: G. anos, G. anoth, G. Cûm an-Idrisaith

[GG/09.1309; GL/19.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

to

proper name. To

Variations of the word: To.

[PE15/07.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

ô

preposition. to

Also glossed as “on”.

[PE13/151.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

apa

preposition. to

Also glossed as “on”.

[PE13/151.5304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.