Quenya zR5Ì#

-ngwë

suffix. dual 1st person b, 1st person dual inclusive, we (inclusive dual)

@@@ < -ñge < -ññe < -sñe
Variations of the word: ngwe.

[PE19/069.2606; PE17/136.0601; VT49/16.3608; PE17/057.2103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ngwë

we

-ngwë "we", 1st person dual inclusive pronominal ending: "thou and I" (compare the exclusive dual form -mmë). Caringwë, "the two of us do" (VT49:16). One source lists the ending as "-inke > -inque" instead (VT49:51, 53, 57; "inke" was apparently Old Quenya). In an earlier pronoun table reproduced in VT49:48, the ending -ngwë is listed as an alternative to -lmë, which Tolkien at the time used as the plural inclusive ending (a later revision made it plural exclusive).

-ngwa

our

-ngwa "our", 1st person dual inclusive possessive pronominal ending: *"thy and my", corresponding to the ending -ngwë for dual inclusive "we" (VT49:16)

engwë

noun. thing

[VT39/07.0109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

engwë

thing

engwë noun "thing" (VT39:7, VT49:28). Extrapolation may also point to *engwë as an emphatic dual inclusive pronoun "we" (thou and I), corresponding to the ending -ngwë.

-lwë

we

-lwë, later -lvë, pronominal ending "we" (VT49:51), 1st person pl. inclusive ending, occurring in the verbs carilwë "we do" (VT49:16) and navilwë (see #nav-). The ending became -lvë in later, Exilic Quenya (VT49:51). See -lv-.

-ngo

suffix. 1st person dual, 1st person dual inclusive, we (inclusive dual)

Variations of the word: -lmo.

[PE17/075.2603; VT49/48.3305; PE17/075.2602; VT49/48.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ngo

we (two)

-ngo "we (two)", abandoned pronominal ending for the 1st person dual inclusive (later revised by Tolkien to -ngwë/-nquë). An alternative form -lmo was also listed (VT49:48). The ending -ngo was probably meant to represent older *-ngwo (VT49:49).

-lmë

we

-lmë 1st person pl. pronominal ending: "we" (VT49:38; 51 carilmë *"we do", VT49:16). It was originally intended to be inclusive "we" (VT49:48), including the person(s) spoken to, but by 1965 Tolkien made this the ending for exclusive "we" instead (cf. the changed definition of the corresponding possessive ending -lma, see above). _(VT49:38) Exemplified in laituvalmet "we shall bless them" (lait-uva-lme-t "bless-shall-we-them") (the meaning apparently changed from inclusive to exclusive "we", VT49:55), see also nalmë under # 1. (LotR3:VI ch. 4, translated in Letters:308_)

-mmë

we

-mmë "we", 1st person dual exclusive pronominal ending: "I and one other" (compare the inclusive dual form -ngwë or -nquë). First written -immë in one source (VT49:57). Carimmë, "the two of us do" (VT49:16, cf. VT43:6). At an earlier conceptual stage, the ending was already exclusive, but plural rather than dual: vammë "we won't" (WJ:371), firuvammë "we will die" (VT43:34), etemmë ?"out of us" (VT43:36); see also VT49:48, 49, 55. Also compare the corresponding emphatic pronoun emmë (q.v.). The ending -lmë replaced -mmë in its former (plural exclusive) sense. In some early material, -mmë was apparently used as an ending for plural inclusive "we" (VT49:55).

emmë

we

emmë (2) pron. "we", emphatic pronoun; dative emmen (VT43:12, 20). In the source this pronoun is intended as the 1st person plural exclusive; later Tolkien changed the corresponding pronominal ending from -mmë to -lmë, and the plural emphatic pronoun would likewise change from emmë to *elmë. Since the ending -mmë was redefined as a dualexclusive pronoun, the form emmë may still be valid as such, as a dual emphatic pronoun "we" = "(s)he and I".

ve

we

ve (2) pron. "we", 1st person pl. inclusive (corresponding to exclusive me), derived from an original stem-form we (VT49:50, PE17:130). Variant vi, q.v. Stressed , later (VT49:51). Dative (*wéna >) véna, VT49:14. Dual wet*, later vet "the two of us" (inclusive; cf. exclusive met) (VT49:51). Also compare the dative form ngwin or ngwen (q.v.), but this would apparently be wen > ven** according to Tolkiens later ideas.

vi

we

vi pron. "we", 1st person inclusive (PE17:130), variant of ve #2.

we

we

we, , see ve #2

-inquë

-inquë

-inquë pronominal ending (VT49:51, 57), see -ngwë

-lwa

our

-lwa, possessive pronominal ending, 1st person pl. inclusive "our" (VT49:16), later (in exilic Quenya) used in the form #-lva, genitive -lvo in omentielvo (see -lv-).

nat

thing

nat noun "thing" (NĀ2); compare únat. VT49:30 lists "năta, nat", but it is unclear whether năta is here a Quenya word or an etymological form underlying Quenya nat.

nat

noun. thing

Element in: Q. nattir-, Q. únat

[VT49/30.3310] Group: Eldamo. Published by

me

we, us

me (1) 1st person pl. exclusive pronoun "we, us" (VT49:51; VT43:23, VT44:9). This pronoun preserves the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed (VT49:51). Cf. also mel-lumna "us-is-heavy", sc. *"is heavy for us" (LR:47, mel- is evidently an assimilated form of men "for us", dative of me; the form men is attested by itself, VT43:21). For me as object, cf. ála** "do not [do something to] us", negative imperative particle with object pronoun suffixed (VT43:19: álamë tulya, "do not lead us"), ámen** "do [something for] us", imperative particle with dative pronoun suffixed (ámen apsenë "forgive us", VT43:12, 18). Dual exclusive met "we/us (two)" (Nam, VT49:51), "you and me" (VT47:11; the latter translation would make met an inclusive pronoun, though it is elsewhere suggested that it is rather exclusive: "him/her and me", corresponding to wet [q.v.] as the true inclusive dual form). Rá men or rámen "for us/on our behalf", see . Locative messë "on us", VT44:12 (also with prefix o, ó- ?"with" in the same source). See also ménë, ómë.

-lmo

we (two)

-lmo "we (two)", abandoned pronominal ending for the 1st person dual inclusive (later revised by Tolkien to -ngwë). This -lmo was listed as an alternative to -ngo (VT49:48).

-mmo

we (two)

[-mmo "we (two)", abandoned pronominal suffix for the 1st person dual exclusive, which ending Tolkien later revised to -mmë (VT49:48).]

-lma

our

-lma pronominal ending "our", 1st person pl. exclusive (VT49:16), also attested (with the genitive ending -o that displaces final -a) in the word omentielmo "of our meeting" (nominative omentielma, PE17:58). Tolkien emended omentielmo to omentielvo in the Second Edition of LotR, reflecting a revision of the Quenya pronominal system (cf. VT49:38, 49, Letters:447). The cluster -lm- in the endings for inclusive "we/our" was altered to -lv- (VT43:14). In the revised system, -lma should apparently signify exclusive "our".

-lmo

suffix. we (inclusive dual)

-mma

our

-mma "our", 1st person dual exlusive possessive ending: *"my and one others" (VT49:16). At an earlier conceptual phase, Tolkien apparently intended the same ending to be plural inclusive "our" (VT49:55, RS:324), cf. Mélamarimma "Our Home" (q.v.) In the latter word, Tolkien slips in i as a connecting vowel before this ending; elsewhere he used e, as in Átaremma "our Father" (see atar).

menya

our

menya (pl. menyë is attested) possessive pron. "our", 1st person pl. exclusive independent possessive pronoun (VT43:19, 35). Evidently derived from the dative form men "for us" by adding the adjectival ending -ya. Compare ninya, q.v.

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-m

suffix. we

1st du. pron. suff. #we (you and me). Q. -mmo.See paradigm PE17:132.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-nc

suffix. we

1st du. pron. suff. #we (you and me). Q. -lmo.See paradigm PE17:132. -ngid

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-enc

suffix. our

_1st pl. poss. suff. _our.Maybe the incl. form of this suff. See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-men

suffix. our

_1st pl. poss. suff. our.Maybe the excl. form of this suff. See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -em_. -em, -main

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-main

suffix. our

_1st pl. poss. suff. our.Maybe the excl. form of this suff. See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -em_. -em, -men

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

nad

noun. thing

min

adjective. our

[VT/44:21,22,28] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mín

adjective. our

[VT/44:21,22,28] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mín

pronoun. our

Variations of the word: min, mín.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
vinsoft-mutation*ourVT44/22.1005
vínsoft-mutation*ourVT44/28.1902

[VT44/22.1005; VT44/28.1902; VT44/24.4213; VT44/28.1701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

men

we

men (accusative mín ”us”, presumably usually lenited vín, which is also the genitive ”our”).

nad

thing

1) nad (pl. naid), 2) bach (article for exchange, ware) (i mach, o mbach), pl. baich (i mbaich).

vín

our

vín; see WE

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

nad

noun. thing

[Ety/374] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nad

noun. thing

[Ety/NĀ².016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

năta

noun. thing

[VT49/30.3309] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

me

pronoun. we, us

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
mel?usLR/047.1205
mēne?on-usSD/310.3101
ménerstative-past plural-PE22/123.3803
ménetstative-past dual-PE22/123.3902
mierstative plural-PE22/123.3303
mietstative dual-PE22/123.3402

[LR/056.3204; PE22/112.3101; PE22/118.0918; PE22/119.2004; PE22/124.0809; PE22/127.0307; PE22/119.1907; LR/047.1205; SD/310.3101; PE22/123.3803; PE22/123.3902; PE22/123.3303; PE22/123.3402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nat

noun. thing

[Ety/NĀ².013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nat

noun. thing, affair, matter

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
nat-stem-PE14/043.0310; PE14/072.0512; PE15/78.1707
natsiplural*beingsPE14/043.0310; PE14/072.0512; PE15/32.0203; PE15/68.3103; PE15/78.1801
natt-stem-PE14/043.0310; PE14/072.0512; PE15/78.1709; QL/064.2401

Element in: EQ. natto

[PE14/043.0310; PE14/072.0512; PE15/68.3103; QL/064.2401; PE14/043.0313; PE15/78.1707; PE14/072.0515; PE15/78.1801; PE15/68.3105; PE15/32.0203; PE14/043.0317; PE14/072.0604; PE14/072.0602; PE15/78.1709; PE14/043.0315; QL/064.2402; PE15/78.1607; PE14/043.0310|PE14/072.0512|PE15/78.1707; PE14/043.0310|PE14/072.0512|PE15/32.0203|PE15/68.3103|PE15/78.1801; PE14/043.0310|PE14/072.0512|PE15/78.1709|QL/064.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

natto

noun. thing, affair, matter

Elements

WordGlossSource
natthing, affairQL/064.2401

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
natturplural-PE15/68.3106

[PE15/68.3106; QL/064.2501; PE15/68.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

me-

pronoun. 1st-plural pronoun, [1st person plural], we

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
mirdativeto usGL/57.7001

[PE13/097.1101; GL/57.7001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um

pronoun. we

Variations of the word: umin.

[GL/74.8401; GL/74.8402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nad

noun. thing

Variations of the word: nad, nân.

[GL/59.0701; GL/59.0702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nath

noun. matter, affair, thing

Element in: G. nathrin

[GL/58.9101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

nad

noun. thing

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
naidplural-PE13/150.5001

[PE13/150.5001; PE13/150.5004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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