Quenya zR5Ì#

-llë

suffix. you (plural), 2nd person plural, 2nd person plural polite

Variations of the word: -lle, -ntye.

[PE17/057.2403; PE17/069.1709; PE17/075.2101; PE17/075.4303; VT49/48.3406; PE17/075.2201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-llë

suffix. feminine agent, feminine agental

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-allerplural-PE17/190.3102

Element in: Q. Itarillë, Q. riel(lë), Q. Tintallë

[PE17/190.3103; PE17/190.3102; PE17/069.1613] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-llë

you

-llë (2) abandoned pronominal ending "you", 2nd person pl. (VT49:48); Tolkien later revised this ending to -ldë.

-llë

one of several suffixes indicating feminine agent

-llë (1) "one of several suffixes indicating feminine agent", as in Tintallë "kindler" vs. the verb tinta- "to kindle". In the source _(PE17:69) _Tolkien noted that -llë was little used because of the clash with the pronominal ending -llë (see #2 below), but the latter ending was later revised.

-llë

suffix. you (dual polite)

-ldë

you

-ldë (1) pronominal suffix "you", 2nd person pl. (VT49:51; carildë *"you do", VT49:16). This ending Tolkien revised from -llë in earlier sources (VT49:48, cf. PE17:69).

-ldë

suffix. feminine agent

Element in: Q. Írildë, Q. Yavannildi

[PE17/069.1706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ldë

kindler

-ldë (2) feminine agental suffix. Tolkien at one point commented that Vardas title Tintallë "Kindler" should be Tintaldë because the ending -llë was rather the suffix for plural "you" (PE17:69). Since this pronominal suffix -llë was later revised to -ldë, it is now the ending of Tintaldë itself that would be potentially problematic.

-ldë

suffix. [plural] 2, you (plural), 2nd person plural, 2nd person plural polite

Variations of the word: -lde.

[PE17/057.2402; PE17/190.2807; VT49/16.3703; VT49/51.2508] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-llo

you

[-llo (2) "you", dual; abandoned pronominal ending. Also written -illo. (VT49:49)]

-lyë

you, thou

-l or -lyë (VT49:48, 51), pronominal endings for 2nd person sg. polite/formal "you, thou": caril or carilyë *"you do" (VT49:16), hamil "you judge" (VT42:33), anel "you were" (see #1); see -lyë for further examples. These endings may also be added to pronouns (etel/etelyë or mil, milyë; see et, mi). In one source, -l is rather used as a reduced affix denoting plural "you"; see heca! (WJ:364)

le

pronoun. you (plural), you, pl[ural] 2

[PE22/162.1213; VT49/51.0911] Group: Eldamo. Published by

le

you

le, pronominal element "you", (originally) the "reverential 2nd person sing" (RGEO:73, VT49:56). However, singular le was apparently altered to lye (q.v.), and le took on a plural significance (le for pl. "you" is apparently derived from de, the ancient 2nd person pl. stem, VT49:50-51). Stressed (VT49:51), dual let "the two of you" (ibid.). At certain points in Tolkiens conception, le was still sg. "thou" rather than pl. "you". It is attested as an ending in the imperative form antalë "give thou" (VT43:17); see anta-. The form ólë in VT43:29 apparently means *"with thee"; according to Tolkiens later system, it would rather mean "with you" (pl.) Compare aselyë "with thee" (sg.) in a later source (see as).

-ndë

suffix. feminine agent

Element in: Q. serindë

[PE17/069.1707] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ndë

you

[#-ndë (2) pronominal suffix for dual "you", as in carindë *"you (two) do". Tolkien changed the ending to -stë (VT49:33)]

-ndë

suffix. feminine agent

[PE17/069.1707] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-stë

you

-stë "you", 2nd person dual pronominal ending (VT49:51, 53), e.g. caristë "the two of you do" (VT49:16). Tolkien first wrote carindë, but changed the ending (VT49:33). The ending -stë is derived from earlier -dde (VT49:46, 51). An archaic ending of similar form could also be the third person dual, "the two of them" (but see -ttë #1).

-tyë

you, thou

-tyë pronominal ending "you, thou" (VT49:48, 51), 2nd person familiar/intimate: carityë *"you do" (VT49:16; the corresponding formal/polite ending is -l, -lyë, cf. PE17:135 where Tolkien states that hiruvalyë "thou shalt find" from Namárië would be hiruvatyë if the polite pronoun were replaced by the familiar one). Compare the independent pronoun tye. In VT49:51, Tolkien denies that the ending -tyë has any short form (see, however, -t # 3). Cf. natyë "you are"; see #1. Compare tye, -tya.

-tyë

you

-t (3) reduced pronominal affix of the 2. person, "you" (sg.), the long form being -tyë (both endings are listed in VT49:48). See heca regarding the example hecat (WJ:364). However, in a later source, Tolkien denies that -tyë has any short form (VT49:51, 57). The status of the ending -t is therefore doubtful.

Tintallë

kindler

Tintallë noun "Kindler", a title of Varda who kindled the stars (TIN, Nam, RGEO:67). From tinta- "kindle, make to sparkle" (MR:388). According to PE17:69, the form "should be Tintalde", apparently because -llë was at the time the ending for plural "you" and Tintallë could be taken as meaning *"you kindle" rather than as a noun "Kindler". However, Tolkien later changed the pronominal suffix, eliminating the clash of forms while leaving Tintallë correct (after the revision, it was *tintaldë itself that would be the verb "you kindle").

alyë

you

alyë imperative particle with ending -lyë "you"; see a #3.

ilcë

you

ilcë ("k") (2) *"you", emphatic pronoun of the 2nd person pl. familiar, apparently a form abandoned by Tolkien. An alternative form incë was also listed; a query appears between the forms (VT49:48).

-ntyë

you

[-ntyë "you", abandonded pronominal ending for 2nd person pl. familiar (VT49:49)]

Tintanië

kindler

Tintanië noun "Kindler" = Varda (TIN; Tintánië under TAN, which according to VT46:17 Tolkien interpreted both as "Star-maker" and "Star-making")

et

out

et prep. (and adv.?) "out", when followed by ablative "out of" (VT45:13) or literally "out from", as in EO: et Eärello "out of the Great Sea"; cf. also et sillumello "from this hour" in VT44:35. Et i pe/péti, untranslated phrase, perhaps "out of the mouth" (VT47:35). Prefixet- "forth, out" (ET), also in longer form ete- (as in etelehta, eteminya); verb ettuler "are coming forth" (ettul- = et + tul-). (SD:290; read probably *ettulir or continuative *ettúlar in Tolkien's later Quenya). The forms etemmë and etengwë (VT43:36) seem to incorporate pronominal suffixes for "us", hence ?"out of us", inclusive and exclusive respectively. The pronoun -mmë denoted plural inclusive "we" when this was written, though Tolkien would later make it dual exclusive instead (see -mmë). Second person forms are also given: etelyë, etellë ?"out of you", sg. and pl. respectively (Tolkien would later change the ending for pl. "you" from -llë to -ldë).

tye

you, thou, thee

tye pron. "you, thou, thee", 2nd person intimate/familar (LR:61, 70, Arct, VT49:36, 55), corresponding to formal/polite lye. According to VT49:51, tye was used as an endearment especially between lovers, and (grand)parents and children also used it to address one another ("to use the adult lye was more stern"). Tyenya "my tye", used = "dear kinsman" (VT49:51). The pronoun tye is derived from kie, sc. an original stem ki with an added -e(VT49:50). Stressed tyé; dual tyet "the two of you" (VT49:51 another note reproduced on the same page however states that tye has no dual form, and VT49:52 likewise states that the 2nd person familiar "never deleloped" dual or plural forms). Compare the reflexive pronoun intyë "yourself". Possibly related to the pronominal stem KE (2nd person sg.), if tye represents earlier *kye.

incë

you

incë ("k") *"you", emphatic pronoun for 2nd person pl. familiar, apparently a form abandoned by Tolkien. It is listed as an alternative to ilcë in the source, a query appearing between the forms (VT49:48, 49). The word could also be read as intë (VT49:49)

Sindarin iT2#7T5

toniel

noun. kindler

[Gilthoniel LotR/II:I, LotR/IV:X, RGEO/72-74] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

-d

suffix. you

2nd du. pron. suff. #you (two). Q. -star.See paradigm PE17:132.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ed

preposition. out of, out

Variations of the word: ed-.

Element in: S. echor, S. ethir, S. ethir

[WJ/367.0305; PE17/141.1102-2; PE17/051.3808-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-dh

suffix. you

{ð} 2nd du. pron. suff. #you (two). Q. -star.See paradigm PE17:132.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-dh

suffix. you

{ð} 2nd sg. pron. suff. #you. Q. -tar.See paradigm PE17:132.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ech

pronoun. yourself (singular), you

[PE17/046.3002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-dhir

suffix. you

{ð} 2nd pl. pron. suff. #you. Q. -ltar.See paradigm PE17:132.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:132] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

e

out

e, ed (away, forth); also as adjectival prefix "outer" and preposition: (WJ:367)

thoniel

kindler

(feminine) #thoniel (pl. thonil). Isolated from Vardas title Gilthoniel, Star-kindler.

[Parviphith] Published by

Telerin 1RjR7T5

de

pronoun. you, 2nd person pronoun

[VT49/51.0209] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

et

root. out

[PE17/152.4301; PE17/167.0903; VT48/25.2808; PE18/088.1401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

es-

prefix. out

Element in: EQ. Estirin

[QL/036.2901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tye

pronoun. you

[LFC/030.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ere-

prefix. out

Element in: EQ. erefainu

[QL/036.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ere-

prefix. out

[QL/036.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

et-

prefix. out

Element in: ON. etled-

[Ety/LED.015-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

et

root. out, forth

Element in: MP. etsiri

[Ety/ET.001; Ety/ETER.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

et

preposition. forth, out

Element in: MP. ektelu-

[PE21/55.0902; PE22/114.0803] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

gwe-

pronoun. you (pl. only), [2nd person plural], ye, 2nd-plural pronoun, you (plural)

Variations of the word: gweth, gwethra, gwir.

[GL/44.6801; PE13/097.1201; GL/44.6901; GL/44.6902; GL/44.6903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fi-

pronoun. root of 2nd person sing. pronoun, 2nd-person singular, [2nd person singular], you

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
findativefor youGL/52.7807

Element in: G. fintha

[GL/35.0501; PE13/097.0901; GL/52.7807] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-(r)il

suffix. feminine agent

Variations of the word: -il, -ril.

Element in: G. hiril

[GL/18.1003-2; GL/29.0201-2; GL/34.4802-2; GL/46.0101-2; GL/22.3203-2; GL/41.3601-2; GL/47.1402-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

eře

root. out

eðe/ese

root. out

[LT1A/Eruman.038; LT1A/Neni Erúmëar.044; QL/036.2301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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