Quenya zR5Ì#

-enca

suffix. -less, without

[PE17/167.3310] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-valta

-less

-valta suffix "-less", also -viltë (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23) The ending -lóra appears with the same meaning in Tolkien's later Quenya.

-viltë

-less

-viltë adjectival ending "-less", also -valta (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23). Rather -lóra in Tolkien's later Quenya.

al-

prefix. -less

-less

[PE 18:30] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

-lóra

suffix. without, less

-enca

without, -less

-enca suffix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. nec-, q.v.

-lóra

-less, without

-lóra ending "-less, without", as in ómalóra "voiceless" (VT45:28)

nec-

without, -less

nec- prefix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. -enca, q.v.

ú-

prefix. no, not, hard to do, un-, in-, difficult, negative prefix, bad, in-; hard, not-, ‘badly’, with difficulty, hardly, uneasy, hard

Variations of the word: ū-, ū, ú-.

Elements

WordGlossSource
únot-, un-, in-PE17/143.4004

Element in: Q. úcarë, Q. úcárima, Q. úfantima, Q. úfanwëa, Q. úχarin, Q. Úlairi, Q. Úmaiar, Q. úmaitë, Q. Úmaneldi, Q. Úmanyar, Q. úmara, Q. únat, Q. únotë(a), Q. únótima, Q. únyárima, Q. úpa, Q. úpahtëa, Q. úquétima, Q. úsahtië, Q. úsië, Q. úsir, Q. úvana, Q. úvanë(a), Q. úvanima, Q. úvanimo

[PE22/160.0601; VT42/33.1101; PE22/156.2701; PE22/167.2503; VT44/04.3901; PE17/063.0102; PE17/143.4202; PE17/150.0303-1; VT39/14.3702; VT49/15.3204; VT49/18.1805; UT/211.1410-1; PE17/062.4102; PE17/144.1201; PE22/152.0501; PE22/156.2217] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lau(më)

adverb. no, no indeed not, on the contrary

la

no, not

la negation "no, not" (see ); also prefix la- as in lacarë, q.v. (VT45:25)

adverb. no, not, not (it isn’t, it doesn’t, don’t, not it)

Variations of the word: la, .

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lanye1st-sgI don’t, not IPE22/153.1912
lányeaorist 1st-sgI don’tPE22/166.1503

Element in: Q. ála, Q. láquet-

[VT49/18.0111; PE22/154.1103; VT42/33.2406; PE22/158.2107; PE22/160.2011; PE22/162.4612; VT42/33.3611; VT42/33.2310; PE22/166.2917; PE22/166.1404; PE22/161.1503; PE22/160.2004; PE22/158.2606; PE22/154.1313; VT49/13.1602; PE22/153.1903; PE22/153.1912; PE22/166.1503] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au-

without

au- (3) privative prefix, = "without" (AWA)

il-

prefix. no, not

il-

verb. no, *un-

il- (prefix) "no, *un-" (LA); cf. ilfirin "immortal" (vs. firin "dead"). This prefix "denotes the opposite, the reversal, i.e. more than the mere negation" (VT42:32). But il- can also mean "all, every"; see ilaurëa, ilqua, ilquen.

no, not

(1) adv. "no, not" (LA, VT45:25) According to VT42:33, is the stressed form, alternating with la when the negation is unstressed. In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, had the opposite meaning "yes" (VT42:32-33), but this idea is contradicted by both earlier and later material: usually is conceived as a negation. The negation can receive tense markers and be used as a negative verb "when [another] verb is not expressed" (VT49:13), apparently where the phrase "is not" is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood, as in English "I do not" (i.e. "I do not do whatever the context indicates"). With pronominal endings la- in the aorist, e.g. lanyë "I do not, am not" (etc.) (Tolkien abandoned the form lamin.) Exemplified in the sentence melin sé apa lanyë *"I love him but I do not [love] him" (another person) (VT49:15). Present tense laia, past lánë, perfect alaië, future lauva.

pen

without, not having

[pen prep. "without, not having" (PE17:171). Cf. Ú #1.]

pen

preposition. without, not having

[PE17/171.3411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú

preposition/adverb. without, destitute of, with

Variations of the word: ū.

Element in: Q. ú-, Q. únótima

[PE17/144.0409; PE17/143.4004; VT39/14.3501; PE17/143.4315; PE17/144.0302; PE22/168.1508; VT39/14.3907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ava-

prefix. without

ava-

without

ava- (3) prefix "without" (AR2, AWA). In some cases apparently used as a mere negation prefix: The form avalerya in VT41:6 is seemingly a negated form of the verb lerya- "release, set free"; the verb avalerya- is suggested to have the same meaning as the root KHAP = "bind, make fast, restrain, deprive of liberty". Likewise, the verb avalatya- from the same source seems to mean "to close, shut", this being a negated form of a verb *latya- "open" (q.v.)

nec-

prefix. without

[PE17/167.3312] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cumna

empty

cumna ("k")adj. "empty" (KUM)

cumna

adjective. empty

ú

without, destitute of

ú (1) adv. and prep. "without, destitute of" (VT39:14). Usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light" (cala). In one source, ú is seemingly also used as a negative verb "was not" (VT49:13), but Tolkien revised the text in question.

cúma

noun. void

ui

no

ui interjection "no" (originally an endingless negative verb in the 3rd person aorist: "it is not [so]"; see #u-). Apparently this is the word for "no" used to deny that something is true (compare , which is rather used to reject orders, or to issue negative orders). (VT49:28) Compare uito.

Sindarin iT2#7T5

pen

preposition/prefix. ~less, -less, lacking, without

Elements

WordGlossSource
pen--lessPE17/144.3416

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bensoft-mutation-lessPE17/144.3609
bensoft-mutationwithout, -lessPE17/167.3503
ben-soft-mutation-PE17/034.1502

Element in: S. Iarwain Ben-adar

[PE17/144.3610; PE17/167.3503; PE17/034.1504; PE17/144.3609; PE17/145.0106; PE17/034.1502; PE17/173.0107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

-less

pref. -less. Q. _pen _without, not having. . This gloss was rejected.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:171] < PEN lack, not have. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

pen-

-less

pref. -less. penadar

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:173] < PEN lack, have not. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

pen-

verb. -less, have not, to have not

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bensoft-mutation-PE17/144.3416
penimpresent 1st-pl-exclusivewe have no ...PE17/144.3416

Element in: S. Iarwain Ben-adar, S. pen

[PE17/144.3502; PE17/144.3416; PE17/171.3407; PE17/173.0107-2; PE17/144.3512] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú-

prefix. no, negative; impossible, impossible, -less, negative, not

Variations of the word: ū-, ú-, ú.

Elements

WordGlossSource
ûno, notPE17/144.3103

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
uinpresent 1st-sgI do notPE17/145.0610
únenpast 1st-sgI did notPE17/145.0614

Element in: S. Udalraph, S. úgarol, S. úlann, S. uluithiad, S. Úmarth, S. únodui

[PE17/145.0411; PE22/160.0818; VT42/33.1506; VT44/28.2701; WJ/369.4110; UT/313.3808-1; LotR/1061.4005-1; PE17/144.3113; PE17/144.3908; PE17/144.4401; PE17/144.4704-1; PE17/062.4102-1; PE17/144.3409; PE17/144.3708; PE17/145.0610; PE17/145.0614] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen

preposition. without, lacking, -less

[Iarwain ben-adar LotR/II:II] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

al-

prefix. not, no

Element in: S. alfirin

[PE17/101.0101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

without

(ben-) _ pref. _without,**less. pen-adar 'fatherless'. ben-, ú-

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:34:144] < PENE lack. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

covn

noun. empty, void

ú

prefix. no, not (negative prefix or particle)

[WJ/369, LotR/A(v)] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ar

without

(adv. prefix) ar- (outside)

baw

interjection. no, don't!

[WJ/371] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

baw

interjection. do not!, no, do not, don’t!, no!

[PE17/143.3703; PE17/145.1101; WJ/371.3709; WJ/372.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baw!

no

! (interjection expressing refusal or prohibition, not denying facts) baw! (dont!) Prefix

ú

without

(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (e.g. udalraph ”without stirrups; stirrupless”, uluithiad *”without quenching” (SD:62) = ”unquenchable”). The prefix ar- has a similiar meaning, as in:

û

adverb/interjection. not, no

Element in: S. ú-

[PE17/144.3103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

û

interjection. no

adv. or interj. no, not (of fact).

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:144] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

Element in: S. Camlost, S. Lothlann

[S/184.3503-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

empty

lost (pl. lyst), also cofn (void), lenited gofn, pl. cyfn

pen

without

1) pen (lenited ben) (lacking, -less) (WJ:375) Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”. When prefixed to a noun, the resulting phrase can be treated as an adjective in that it is lenited (pen- appears as ben-) where an adjective would be lenited. 2)

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

lhost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhost

adjective. empty

Element in: N. Camlost, N. Lostladen, N. Lhothlann, N. lothren

[Ety/LUS.003; EtyAC/LŌ.033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

al-

prefix. no, not

[Ety/367] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

al-

prefix. no, not

@@@ the phrase “the only place in Noldorin where the primitive prefix is preserved” was deleted (EtyAC/AR²)

Element in: N. Alchorin

[Ety/LA.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caun

noun. empty, void

[Ety/KUM.027; Ety/KUM.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caun

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

cofn

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

interjection. no

[EtyAC/MŪ.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

lus

root. empty

la

root. neg. element, negative base, not to be, not, no, negative element, negative

Variations of the word: AL/LA, LA, al/lā, ala.

[PE22/156.2501; PE22/140.1210; PE18/088.1901; VT42/32.2102; VT48/25.3410; PE17/143.0502; PE17/146.3201; PE22/140.1211; VT42/33.1906; VT49/13.1213; PE22/153.1607; PE17/158.3901; PE18/084.3905; PE22/153.0311] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la-

prefix. no, not

Qenya zR5Ì#

-vilte

suffix. -less

Variations of the word: -vilte, -valta.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-viltistem-QL/102.1601

Element in: EQ. naustavilte

[GL/23.3402; QL/102.1603; GL/23.3401; QL/065.0301-2; QL/102.1601; QL/102.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lóra

suffix. less, without

Element in: MQ. Korolóra

[EtyAC/LŌ.015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lau(me)

adverb. no indeed not, on the contrary, no

Variations of the word: lau.

Elements

WordGlossSource
no-
um-to not be-
lá/lala-Ety/LA.005
ume-Ety/LA.012

[Ety/LA.009; Ety/LA.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

il-

prefix. not, no

Element in: MQ. ilfirin, MQ. Ilkorin

[Ety/LA.033; EtyAC/LA.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. no, no indeed, not

Element in: MQ. laqet-, MQ. lau(me)

[PE22/119.1402; PE22/120.0720; PE22/122.0407; EtyAC/LA.041; Ety/LA.005; EtyAC/LA.043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enqe

preposition. without

[QL/035.8201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kumna

adjective. empty

[Ety/KUM.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

múna

preposition. without

[PE16/060.3302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

lost

adjective. empty

A Doriathrin adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the name Dor. Mablost (Ety/KAB). Its Quenya cognate lusta suggests a primitive form *✶lustā, with the [o] developing from [Ilkorin a-affection](/w/short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a]). It might be a Doriathrin-only variant of more general Ilkorin losgen “empty”.

Element in: ILK. losgen, ILK. Mablost

[Ety/KAB.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

losgen

adjective. empty

An adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the Ilkorin name Mablosgen (Ety/MAP). As suggested by Helge Fauskanger, it might be a combination of Dor. lost and the adjective suffix -en, but if so it is unclear where the medial g came from (AL-Ilkorin/Mablosgen). Alternately, perhaps losgen is the general Ilkorin adjective for “empty” and lost is a variant used only in the Doriathrin dialect.

Elements

WordGlossSource
lostempty-
-enadjectival suffix-

Element in: ILK. Mablosgen

[Ety/MAP.034-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

lus

root. empty

Element in: MP. SLUS/SRUS

[Ety/KAB.015; Ety/LAD.026; Ety/LUS.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

al

prefix. not, pure neg., without

[Ety/AR².072; EtyAC/ALA.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la

root. no, not

Variations of the word: LA, LĀ/ALA.

Elements

WordGlossSource
LA-EtyAC/LA.038

Element in: MP. LA

[EtyAC/ALA.001; EtyAC/LA.069; EtyAC/LA.080; Ety/AR².081; Ety/LA.001; EtyAC/LA.038; EtyAC/ALA.008; PE22/126.1904] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gū̆-

interjection. not, in-, no, un-

[EtyAC/GŪ.012; Ety/GŪ.003; Ety/UGU.020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la-

prefix. no, not

Variations of the word: la-, l.

[EtyAC/LA.016; Ety/LA.031; EtyAC/LA.055; Ety/LA.029; EtyAC/LA.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gū/mū

root. no, not, negative stem

Variations of the word: , GŪ/MŪ, GŪ/GUMU.

[Ety/GŪ.001; EtyAC/GŪ.024; Ety/UGU.041; Ety/MŪ.001; EtyAC/ƷŪ.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

fôl

adjective. empty, bare, leafless (esp. of trees)

Element in: G. folorin

[GL/33.9201; GL/35.8801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nil

adjective. empty

[GL/60.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ub

adjective. no, none

[GL/74.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

untha

adjective. no, none

[GL/73.8701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

u

adverb. nor; *negative particle, [n]or, not – nor, not, no

[GL/47.2706-1; GL/47.2802; GL/52.7805-1; GL/53.1808-1; GL/73.8601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

-rod

suffix. abstract nom[inals], -less

[PE13/152.8701; PE13/152.8903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

or-

verb. -less, without, privative prefix

Element in: EN. ornoth, EN. orfang, EN. orthanc, EN. urduf

[PE13/156.3301; PE13/156.4001; PE13/155.9101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um-

verb. privative prefix; un-, -less, without

Element in: EN. Uchor, EN. ummast, EN. umaith, EN. ufeth, EN. udhrog, EN. uchuil, EN. unnor, EN. ungorod, EN. urrost, EN. uwedhweb, EN. uthir, EN. uvlam, EN. uvlant, EN. uvost

[PE13/155.3201; PE13/155.4901; PE13/155.5101; PE13/155.5401; PE13/155.5601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ur-

verb. without, privative prefix, -less

Element in: EN. ornoth, EN. orann, EN. ordarn, EN. o(r)dhraust, EN. orhod, EN. ormar, EN. ormast, EN. o(r)ngolodh, EN. orsarn, EN. orthalos, EN. orvab, EN. orvaith, EN. orvaith, EN. orvang, EN. orvath, EN. orvlann, EN. orwadh, EN. uraithr, EN. urbeth, EN. u(r)dhrog, EN. urdhuilin, EN. urfuin, EN. urgeleb, EN. urguil, EN. urhonn, EN. u(r)ngúl, EN. urnor, EN. urorod, EN. urrost, EN. u(r)vrog, EN. urwedhw, EN. urweth, EN. yrith, EN. yrlhinn, EN. yrlhith, EN. yrwidhion

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.