Quenya zR5Ì#

-valta

-less

-valta suffix "-less", also -viltë (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23) The ending -lóra appears with the same meaning in Tolkien's later Quenya.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-viltë

-less

-viltë adjectival ending "-less", also -valta (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23). Rather -lóra in Tolkien's later Quenya.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

al-

prefix. -less

-less

-lóra

-less, without

-lóra ending "-less, without", as in ómalóra "voiceless" (VT45:28)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-enca

without, -less

-enca suffix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. nec-, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

nec-

without, -less

nec- prefix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. -enca, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-enca

suffix. without

Also glossed as “-less”.

[PE17/167.3310] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”, “un-”, “in-; hard”, “difficult”, “bad”, “uneasy”, “hard”, “hardly”, “with difficulty”, “‘badly’”, “not-”, “in-”, “negative prefix”, “hard to do”.
Variations of the word: ū-, ū, ú-.

Elements

WordGlossSource
únot-, un-, in-PE17/143.4004

Element in: Q. úcarë, Q. úcárima, Q. úfantima, Q. úfanwëa, Q. úχarin, Q. Úlairi, Q. Úmaiar, Q. úmaitë, Q. Úmaneldi, Q. Úmanyar, Q. úmara, Q. únat, Q. únotë(a), Q. únótima, Q. únyárima, Q. úpa, Q. úpahtëa, Q. úquétima, Q. úsahtië, Q. úsië, Q. úsir, Q. úvana, Q. úvanë(a), Q. úvanima, Q. úvanimo

[PE22/160.0601; VT42/33.1101; PE22/156.2701; PE22/167.2503; VT44/04.3901; PE17/063.0102; PE17/143.4202; PE17/150.0303-1; VT39/14.3702; VT49/15.3204; VT49/18.1805; UT/211.1410-1; PE17/062.4102; PE17/144.1201; PE22/152.0501; PE22/156.2217] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú

preposition/adverb. without

Also glossed as “destitute of”, “with”.
Variations of the word: ū.

Element in: Q. ú-, Q. únótima

[PE17/144.0409; PE17/143.4004; VT39/14.3501; PE17/143.4315; PE17/144.0302; PE22/168.1508; VT39/14.3907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú

without, destitute of

ú (1) adv. and prep. "without, destitute of" (VT39:14). Usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light" (cala). In one source, ú is seemingly also used as a negative verb "was not" (VT49:13), but Tolkien revised the text in question.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

pen

preposition. without

Also glossed as “not having”.

[PE17/171.3411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen

without, not having

[pen prep. "without, not having" (PE17:171). Cf. Ú #1.]

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

nec-

prefix. without

[PE17/167.3312] Group: Eldamo. Published by

no, not

(1) adv. "no, not" (LA, VT45:25) According to VT42:33, is the stressed form, alternating with la when the negation is unstressed. In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, had the opposite meaning "yes" (VT42:32-33), but this idea is contradicted by both earlier and later material: usually is conceived as a negation. The negation can receive tense markers and be used as a negative verb "when [another] verb is not expressed" (VT49:13), apparently where the phrase "is not" is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood, as in English "I do not" (i.e. "I do not do whatever the context indicates"). With pronominal endings la- in the aorist, e.g. lanyë "I do not, am not" (etc.) (Tolkien abandoned the form lamin.) Exemplified in the sentence melin sé apa lanyë *"I love him but I do not [love] him" (another person) (VT49:15). Present tense laia, past lánë, perfect alaië, future lauva.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

adverb. no

Also glossed as “not”, “not (it isn’t”, “it doesn’t”, “not it)”, “don’t”.
Variations of the word: la, .

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lanye1st-sgI don’t, not IPE22/153.1912
lányeaorist 1st-sgI don’tPE22/166.1503

Element in: Q. ála, Q. láquet-

[VT49/18.0111; PE22/154.1103; VT42/33.2406; PE22/158.2107; PE22/160.2011; PE22/162.4612; VT42/33.3611; VT42/33.2310; PE22/166.2917; PE22/166.1404; PE22/161.1503; PE22/160.2004; PE22/158.2606; PE22/154.1313; VT49/13.1602; PE22/153.1903; PE22/153.1912; PE22/166.1503] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la

no, not

la negation "no, not" (see ); also prefix la- as in lacarë, q.v. (VT45:25)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

il-

verb. no, *un-

il- (prefix) "no, *un-" (LA); cf. ilfirin "immortal" (vs. firin "dead"). This prefix "denotes the opposite, the reversal, i.e. more than the mere negation" (VT42:32). But il- can also mean "all, every"; see ilaurëa, ilqua, ilquen.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

cumna

empty

cumna ("k")adj. "empty" (KUM)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

cúma

noun. void

ava-

without

ava- (3) prefix "without" (AR2, AWA). In some cases apparently used as a mere negation prefix: The form avalerya in VT41:6 is seemingly a negated form of the verb lerya- "release, set free"; the verb avalerya- is suggested to have the same meaning as the root KHAP = "bind, make fast, restrain, deprive of liberty". Likewise, the verb avalatya- from the same source seems to mean "to close, shut", this being a negated form of a verb *latya- "open" (q.v.)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

au-

without

au- (3) privative prefix, = "without" (AWA)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ui

no

ui interjection "no" (originally an endingless negative verb in the 3rd person aorist: "it is not [so]"; see #u-). Apparently this is the word for "no" used to deny that something is true (compare , which is rather used to reject orders, or to issue negative orders). (VT49:28) Compare uito.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

pen-

-less

pref. -less. penadar

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:173] < PEN lack, have not. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

pen-

-less

pref. -less. Q. _pen _without, not having. . This gloss was rejected.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:171] < PEN lack, not have. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

pen

preposition. without, lacking, -less

[Iarwain ben-adar LotR/II:II] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ú-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”, “negative; impossible”, “impossible”, “-less”, “negative”.
Variations of the word: ū-, ú-, ú.

Elements

WordGlossSource
ûno, notPE17/144.3103

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
uinpresent 1st-sgI do notPE17/145.0610
únenpast 1st-sgI did notPE17/145.0614

Element in: S. Udalraph, S. úgarol, S. úlann, S. uluithiad, S. Úmarth, S. únodui

[PE17/145.0411; PE22/160.0818; VT42/33.1506; VT44/28.2701; WJ/369.4110; UT/313.3808-1; LotR/1061.4005-1; PE17/144.3113; PE17/144.3908; PE17/144.4401; PE17/144.4704-1; PE17/062.4102-1; PE17/144.3409; PE17/144.3708; PE17/145.0610; PE17/145.0614] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen

preposition/prefix. without

Also glossed as “lacking”, “-less”, “~less”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
pen--lessPE17/144.3416

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bensoft-mutation-lessPE17/144.3609
bensoft-mutationwithout, -lessPE17/167.3503
ben-soft-mutation-PE17/034.1502

Element in: S. Iarwain Ben-adar

[PE17/144.3610; PE17/167.3503; PE17/034.1504; PE17/144.3609; PE17/145.0106; PE17/034.1502; PE17/173.0107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

verb. to have not

Also glossed as “have not”, “-less”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bensoft-mutation-PE17/144.3416
penimpresent 1st-pl-exclusivewe have no ...PE17/144.3416

Element in: S. Iarwain Ben-adar, S. pen

[PE17/144.3502; PE17/144.3416; PE17/171.3407; PE17/173.0107-2; PE17/144.3512] Group: Eldamo. Published by

û

adverb/interjection. no

Also glossed as “not”.

Element in: S. ú-

[PE17/144.3103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

û

interjection. no

adv. or interj. no, not (of fact).

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:144] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ú

prefix. no, not (negative prefix or particle)

[WJ/369, LotR/A(v)] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen-

without

(ben-) _ pref. _without,**less. pen-adar 'fatherless'. ben-, ú-

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:34:144] < PENE lack. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

al-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”.

Element in: S. alfirin

[PE17/101.0101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

Element in: S. Camlost, S. Lothlann

[S/184.3503-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

covn

noun. empty

Also glossed as “void”.

baw

interjection. no

Also glossed as “do not!”, “do not”, “don’t!”, “No”, “no!”, “Don’t!”.

[PE17/143.3703; PE17/145.1101; WJ/371.3709; WJ/372.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baw

interjection. no, don't!

[WJ/371] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen

without

1) pen (lenited ben) (lacking, -less) (WJ:375) Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”. When prefixed to a noun, the resulting phrase can be treated as an adjective in that it is lenited (pen- appears as ben-) where an adjective would be lenited. 2)

ar

without

(adv. prefix) ar- (outside)

lost

empty

lost (pl. lyst), also cofn (void), lenited gofn, pl. cyfn

baw!

no

! (interjection expressing refusal or prohibition, not denying facts) baw! (dont!) Prefix

ú

without

(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (e.g. udalraph ”without stirrups; stirrupless”, uluithiad *”without quenching” (SD:62) = ”unquenchable”). The prefix ar- has a similiar meaning, as in:

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

al-

prefix. no, not

[Ety/367] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

al-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”.
@@@ the phrase “the only place in Noldorin where the primitive prefix is preserved” was deleted (EtyAC/AR²)

Element in: N. Alchorin

[Ety/LA.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caun

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

caun

noun. empty

Also glossed as “void”.

[Ety/KUM.027; Ety/KUM.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cofn

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhost

adjective. empty

Element in: N. Camlost, N. Lostladen, N. Lhothlann, N. lothren

[Ety/LUS.003; EtyAC/LŌ.033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

interjection. no

[EtyAC/MŪ.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

la

root. no

Also glossed as “not”, “not to be”, “negative base”, “neg. element”, “negative element”, “negative”.
Variations of the word: AL/LA, LA, al/lā, ala.

[PE22/156.2501; PE22/140.1210; PE18/088.1901; VT42/32.2102; VT48/25.3410; PE17/143.0502; PE17/146.3201; PE22/140.1211; VT42/33.1906; VT49/13.1213; PE22/153.1607; PE17/158.3901; PE18/084.3905; PE22/153.0311] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lus

root. empty

Qenya zR5Ì#

-vilte

suffix. -less

Variations of the word: -vilte, -valta.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-viltistem-QL/102.1601

Element in: EQ. naustavilte

[GL/23.3402; QL/102.1603; GL/23.3401; QL/065.0301-2; QL/102.1601; QL/102.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lóra

suffix. without

Also glossed as “less”.

Element in: MQ. Korolóra

[EtyAC/LŌ.015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enqe

preposition. without

[QL/035.8201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

il-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”.

Element in: MQ. ilfirin, MQ. Ilkorin

[Ety/LA.033; EtyAC/LA.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kumna

adjective. empty

[Ety/KUM.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. no

Also glossed as “not”, “no indeed”.

Element in: MQ. laqet-, MQ. lau(me)

[PE22/119.1402; PE22/120.0720; PE22/122.0407; EtyAC/LA.041; Ety/LA.005; EtyAC/LA.043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lau(me)

adverb. no

Also glossed as “no indeed not”, “on the contrary”.
Variations of the word: lau.

Elements

WordGlossSource
no-
um-to not be-
lá/lala-Ety/LA.005
ume-Ety/LA.012

[Ety/LA.009; Ety/LA.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

losgen

adjective. empty

An adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the Ilkorin name Mablosgen (Ety/MAP). As suggested by Helge Fauskanger, it might be a combination of Dor. lost and the adjective suffix -en, but if so it is unclear where the medial g came from (AL-Ilkorin/Mablosgen). Alternately, perhaps losgen is the general Ilkorin adjective for “empty” and lost is a variant used only in the Doriathrin dialect.

Elements

WordGlossSource
lostempty-
-enadjectival suffix-

Element in: ILK. Mablosgen

[Ety/MAP.034-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

A Doriathrin adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the name Dor. Mablost (Ety/KAB). Its Quenya cognate lusta suggests a primitive form *✶lustā, with the [o] developing from [Ilkorin a-affection](/w/short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a]). It might be a Doriathrin-only variant of more general Ilkorin losgen “empty”.

Element in: ILK. losgen, ILK. Mablost

[Ety/KAB.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

al

prefix. without

Also glossed as “not”, “pure neg.”.

[Ety/AR².072; EtyAC/ALA.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gū̆-

interjection. no

Also glossed as “not”, “un-”, “in-”.

[EtyAC/GŪ.012; Ety/GŪ.003; Ety/UGU.020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gū/mū

root. no

Also glossed as “not”, “negative stem”.
Variations of the word: , GŪ/MŪ, GŪ/GUMU.

[Ety/GŪ.001; EtyAC/GŪ.024; Ety/UGU.041; Ety/MŪ.001; EtyAC/ƷŪ.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la

root. no

Also glossed as “not”.
Variations of the word: LA, LĀ/ALA.

Elements

WordGlossSource
LA-EtyAC/LA.038

Element in: MP. LA

[EtyAC/ALA.001; EtyAC/LA.069; EtyAC/LA.080; Ety/AR².081; Ety/LA.001; EtyAC/LA.038; EtyAC/ALA.008; PE22/126.1904] Group: Eldamo. Published by

la-

prefix. no

Also glossed as “not”.
Variations of the word: la-, l.

[EtyAC/LA.016; Ety/LA.031; EtyAC/LA.055; Ety/LA.029; EtyAC/LA.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lus

root. empty

Variations of the word: LUS.

Element in: MP. SLUS/SRUS

[Ety/KAB.015; Ety/LAD.026; Ety/LUS.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

fôl

adjective. empty

Also glossed as “bare”, “leafless (esp. of trees)”.

Element in: G. folorin

[GL/33.9201; GL/35.8801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nil

adjective. empty

[GL/60.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

u

adverb. no

Also glossed as “not”, “nor; *negative particle”, “[n]or”, “not – nor”.
Variations of the word: u.

[GL/47.2706-1; GL/47.2802; GL/52.7805-1; GL/53.1808-1; GL/73.8601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ub

adjective. no

Also glossed as “none”.

[GL/74.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

untha

adjective. no

Also glossed as “none”.

[GL/73.8701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

-rod

suffix. abstract nom[inals]

Also glossed as “-less”.

[PE13/152.8701; PE13/152.8903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

or-

verb. privative prefix

Also glossed as “without”, “-less”.
Variations of the word: or-.

Element in: EN. ornoth, EN. orfang, EN. orthanc, EN. urduf

[PE13/156.3301; PE13/156.4001; PE13/155.9101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um-

verb. privative prefix; un-

Also glossed as “-less”, “without”.
Variations of the word: um-.

Element in: EN. Uchor, EN. ummast, EN. umaith, EN. ufeth, EN. udhrog, EN. uchuil, EN. unnor, EN. ungorod, EN. urrost, EN. uwedhweb, EN. uthir, EN. uvlam, EN. uvlant, EN. uvost

[PE13/155.3201; PE13/155.4901; PE13/155.5101; PE13/155.5401; PE13/155.5601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ur-

verb. privative prefix

Also glossed as “without”, “-less”.

Element in: EN. ornoth, EN. orann, EN. ordarn, EN. o(r)dhraust, EN. orhod, EN. ormar, EN. ormast, EN. o(r)ngolodh, EN. orsarn, EN. orthalos, EN. orvab, EN. orvaith, EN. orvaith, EN. orvang, EN. orvath, EN. orvlann, EN. orwadh, EN. uraithr, EN. urbeth, EN. u(r)dhrog, EN. urdhuilin, EN. urfuin, EN. urgeleb, EN. urguil, EN. urhonn, EN. u(r)ngúl, EN. urnor, EN. urorod, EN. urrost, EN. u(r)vrog, EN. urwedhw, EN. urweth, EN. yrith, EN. yrlhinn, EN. yrlhith, EN. yrwidhion

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.