-encasuffix. -less, without
-enca suffix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. nec-, q.v.
penwithout, not having
[pen prep. "without, not having" (PE17:171). Cf. Ú #1.]
penpreposition. not having, without
nec- prefix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. -enca, q.v.
cumna ("k")adj. "empty" (KUM)
-lórasuffix. without, less
au- (3) privative prefix, = "without" (AWA)
ava- (3) prefix "without" (AR2, AWA). In some cases apparently used as a mere negation prefix: The form avalerya in VT41:6 is seemingly a negated form of the verb lerya- "release, set free"; the verb avalerya- is suggested to have the same meaning as the root KHAP = "bind, make fast, restrain, deprive of liberty". Likewise, the verb avalatya- from the same source seems to mean "to close, shut", this being a negated form of a verb *latya- "open" (q.v.)
úpreposition/adverb. without, destitute of, with
Variations of the word: ū.
úwithout, destitute of
ú (1) adv. and prep. "without, destitute of" (VT39:14). Usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light" (cala). In one source, ú is seemingly also used as a negative verb "was not" (VT49:13), but Tolkien revised the text in question.