Quenya zR5Ì#

-enca

without, -less

-enca suffix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. nec-, q.v.

-enca

suffix. without

Also glossed as “-less”.

[PE17/167.3310] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lóra

suffix. without

Also glossed as “less”.

au-

without

au- (3) privative prefix, = "without" (AWA)

ava-

without

ava- (3) prefix "without" (AR2, AWA). In some cases apparently used as a mere negation prefix: The form avalerya in VT41:6 is seemingly a negated form of the verb lerya- "release, set free"; the verb avalerya- is suggested to have the same meaning as the root KHAP = "bind, make fast, restrain, deprive of liberty". Likewise, the verb avalatya- from the same source seems to mean "to close, shut", this being a negated form of a verb *latya- "open" (q.v.)

ava-

prefix. without

cúma

noun. void

cumna

empty

cumna ("k")adj. "empty" (KUM)

nec-

without, -less

nec- prefix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. -enca, q.v.

nec-

prefix. without

[PE17/167.3312] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen

without, not having

[pen prep. "without, not having" (PE17:171). Cf. Ú #1.]

pen

preposition. without

Also glossed as “not having”.

[PE17/171.3411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú

without, destitute of

ú (1) adv. and prep. "without, destitute of" (VT39:14). Usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light" (cala). In one source, ú is seemingly also used as a negative verb "was not" (VT49:13), but Tolkien revised the text in question.

ú

preposition/adverb. without

Also glossed as “destitute of”, “with”.
Variations of the word: ū.

Element in: Q. ú-, Q. únótima

[PE17/144.0409; PE17/143.4004; VT39/14.3501; PE17/143.4315; PE17/144.0302; PE22/168.1508; VT39/14.3907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

covn

noun. empty

Also glossed as “void”.

lost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

Element in: S. Camlost, S. Lothlann

[S/184.3503-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen

preposition. without, lacking, -less

[Iarwain ben-adar LotR/II:II] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen

preposition/prefix. without

Also glossed as “lacking”, “-less”, “~less”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
pen--lessPE17/144.3416

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bensoft-mutation-lessPE17/144.3609
bensoft-mutationwithout, -lessPE17/167.3503
ben-soft-mutation-PE17/034.1502

Element in: S. Iarwain Ben-adar

[PE17/144.3610; PE17/167.3503; PE17/034.1504; PE17/144.3609; PE17/145.0106; PE17/034.1502; PE17/173.0107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

without

(ben-) _ pref. _without,**less. pen-adar 'fatherless'. ben-, ú-

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:34:144] < PENE lack. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ar

without

(adv. prefix) ar- (outside)

lost

empty

lost (pl. lyst), also cofn (void), lenited gofn, pl. cyfn

pen

without

1) pen (lenited ben) (lacking, -less) (WJ:375) Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”. When prefixed to a noun, the resulting phrase can be treated as an adjective in that it is lenited (pen- appears as ben-) where an adjective would be lenited. 2)

ú

without

(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (e.g. udalraph ”without stirrups; stirrupless”, uluithiad *”without quenching” (SD:62) = ”unquenchable”). The prefix ar- has a similiar meaning, as in:

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

caun

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

caun

noun. empty

Also glossed as “void”.

[Ety/KUM.027; Ety/KUM.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cofn

adjective. empty, void

[Ety/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhost

adjective. empty

[Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhost

adjective. empty

Element in: N. Camlost, N. Lostladen, N. Lhothlann, N. lothren

[Ety/LUS.003; EtyAC/LŌ.033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

lus

root. empty

Qenya zR5Ì#

-lóra

suffix. without

Also glossed as “less”.

Element in: MQ. Korolóra

[EtyAC/LŌ.015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enqe

preposition. without

[QL/035.8201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kumna

adjective. empty

[Ety/KUM.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

múna

preposition. without

Variations of the word: múna.

[PE16/060.3302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

losgen

adjective. empty

An adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the Ilkorin name Mablosgen (Ety/MAP). As suggested by Helge Fauskanger, it might be a combination of Dor. lost and the adjective suffix -en, but if so it is unclear where the medial g came from (AL-Ilkorin/Mablosgen). Alternately, perhaps losgen is the general Ilkorin adjective for “empty” and lost is a variant used only in the Doriathrin dialect.

Elements

WordGlossSource
lostempty-
-enadjectival suffix-

Element in: ILK. Mablosgen

[Ety/MAP.034-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lost

adjective. empty

A Doriathrin adjective meaning “empty” attested only as an element in the name Dor. Mablost (Ety/KAB). Its Quenya cognate lusta suggests a primitive form *✶lustā, with the [o] developing from [Ilkorin a-affection](/w/short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a]). It might be a Doriathrin-only variant of more general Ilkorin losgen “empty”.

Element in: ILK. losgen, ILK. Mablost

[Ety/KAB.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

al

prefix. without

Also glossed as “not”, “pure neg.”.

[Ety/AR².072; EtyAC/ALA.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lus

root. empty

Variations of the word: LUS.

Element in: MP. SLUS/SRUS

[Ety/KAB.015; Ety/LAD.026; Ety/LUS.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

fôl

adjective. empty

Also glossed as “bare”, “leafless (esp. of trees)”.

Element in: G. folorin

[GL/33.9201; GL/35.8801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nil

adjective. empty

[GL/60.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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