Sindarin

pen

prep. without, lacking, -less

[PE17/034.1502, PE17/034.1504, PE17/144.3609, PE17/144.3610, PE17/145.0106, PE17/167.3503, PE17/173.0107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

without

(ben-) pref. without,~less. pen-adar 'fatherless'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:34:144] < PENE lack. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ar

without

(adv. prefix) ar- (outside)

pen

without

1) pen (lenited ben) (lacking, -less) (WJ:375) Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”. When prefixed to a noun, the resulting phrase can be treated as an adjective in that it is lenited (pen- appears as ben-) where an adjective would be lenited. 2)

ú

without

(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (e.g. udalraph ”without stirrups; stirrupless”, uluithiad *”without quenching” (SD:62) = ”unquenchable”). The prefix ar- has a similiar meaning, as in:

Quenya

-enca

without, -less

-enca suffix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. nec-, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-enca

suff. without, -less

[PE17/167.3310] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au-

without

au- (3) privative prefix, = "without" (AWA)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ava-

without

ava- (3) prefix "without" (AR2, AWA). In some cases apparently used as a mere negation prefix: The form avalerya in VT41:6 is seemingly a negated form of the verb lerya- "release, set free"; the verb avalerya- is suggested to have the same meaning as the root KHAP = "bind, make fast, restrain, deprive of liberty". Likewise, the verb avalatya- from the same source seems to mean "to close, shut", this being a negated form of a verb *latya- "open" (q.v.)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

nec-

pref. without

[PE17/167.3312] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nec-

without, -less

nec- prefix "without, -less" (PE17:167), cf. -enca, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

pen

without, not having

[pen prep. "without, not having" (PE17:171). Cf. Ú #1.]

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

pen

prep. without, not having

[PE17/171.3411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ú

without, destitute of

ú (1) adv. and prep. "without, destitute of" (VT39:14). Usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light" (cala). In one source, ú is seemingly also used as a negative verb "was not" (VT49:13), but Tolkien revised the text in question.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ú

adv. without, destitute of

[PE17/143.4004, PE17/143.4315, PE17/144.0302, PE17/144.0409, VT39/14.3501, VT39/14.3907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya

enqe

prep. without

[QL/035.8201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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