Quenya zR5Ì#

-e

suffix. plural of adjectives

[PE17/076.2112] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ttë

suffix. themselves

[VT49/21.0204-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-a

it is said

-r nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in -a, -i, -, -o, -u, e.g. Ainur, Valar, tier. Occasionally it is added also to nouns ending in -ë (that normally take the ending -I in the pl.). This seems to regularly happen in the case of nouns in - (see #fintalë, mallë, tyellë), sometimes also otherwise (see Ingwë, wendë, essë #1). This plural ending was ("it is said") first used by the Noldor (PM:402).

-i

-i

-i nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in a consonant and in -ë; in the latter case, is displaced (e.g. Quendë pl. Quendi).

-on

name

-on gen.pl. ending (3O), in aldaron, aranion, elenion, Eldaron, #esseron, Ingweron, Istarion, Númevalion, Quendion, Silmarillion, Sindaron, tasarion (see Nan-Tasarion), Valion, wenderon, yénion. Normally the ending -on is added to the nominative plural, whether it ends in -i or -r, but some nouns in -ë that would have nominative plurals in -i seem to prefer the ending -ron in the genitive (hence #esseron as the gen. pl. of essë "name", though the nominative pl. is attested as essi and we might have expected the gen. pl. *ession; similarly wenderon, Ingweron).

-nya

my

-nya pronominal suffix, 1st person sg. possessive, "my" (VT49:16, 38, 48), e.g. tatanya "my daddy" (UT:191, VT48:17), meldonya "my [male] friend" (VT49:38), meldenya "my [female] friend" (Elaine inscription), omentienya "my meeting" (PE17:68), tyenya "my tye" (tye being an intimate form of "you"), used = "dear kinsman" (VT49:51, 56). This ending seems to prefer i as its connecting vowel where one is needed, cf. Anarinya "my sun" in LR:72, so also in hildinyar "my heirs". It was previously theorized by some that a final -ë would also be changed to -i- before -nya, but the example órenya "my heart [órë]" indicates that this is not the case (VT41:11).

esse

noun. name

[PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

essë

name

essë (1) noun "name", also later name of Tengwa #31, originally (MET) called árë (ázë). (Appendix E). With a pronominal ending esselya "thy name" (VT43:14). Pl. #essi in PM:339 and MR:470, gen.pl. #esseron "of names" in the compound Nómesseron (q.v.); we would rather have expected *ession, given the nom.pl. essi; perhaps #esser is a valid alternative plural form. Essecarmë noun "name-making" (MR:214, 470), Eldarin ceremony where the father announces the name of his child. Essecenta *("k") noun "Name-essay" (see centa) (MR:415); Essecilmë noun "name-choosing", an Eldarin ceremony where a child named him- or herself according to personal lámatyávë (q.v.) (MR:214, 471). The meaning Tolkien originally assigned to the word essë** in the Etymologies was "place" rather than "name" (VT45:12).

essë

noun. name

[LotR/1123.0701; MR/216.1005; MR/470.1901; MR/470.1903; PM/339.2012; UT/266.0410; UTI/epessë.016; VT42/17.1302-2; VT43/14.3001; WJ/359.1003-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esta-

verb. name

[PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

intë

themselves

intë *"themselves", 3rd person pl. reflexive pronoun, e.g. *i neri tirir intë, "the men watch themselves". Intë is derived from earlier imte(VT47:37). Conceivably intë* is only used for "themselves" with reference to persons; impersonal "themselves" ought to be inta or intai, compare ta #3, tai #2. A form intai might however have evolved into intë by the Third Age (like pl. adjectives in -ai later came to end in -ë), thus converging with the "personal" form.% In an earlier source, Tolkien listed intë as an emphatic pronoun "they", 3rd person plural (VT49:48, 49); compare the pronominal ending -ntë. The word intë** (derived from inde via inze, an unusual development in Quenya) also appears as a candidate 2nd person singular polite form (VT49:49).

intë

pronoun. themselves

[VT47/37.3106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanda

name

[sanda, sandë] (þ) (2) noun "name" (VT46:16)

sanya

name

[sanya] (þ) (2) noun ?"name" (reading of gloss uncertain, VT46:16)

melwa

lovely

melwa adj. "lovely" (LT1:262); compare melda in Tolkiens later Quenya.

Nólion

son of knowledge

Nólion (ñ?), second name of Vardamir Nólion (UT:210). Perhaps "son of knowledge", nólë (q.v.) + -ion "son", which ending displaces a final -ë (compare Aranwion "son of Aranwë", UT:50 cf. 32)

írima

lovely, beautiful, desirable

írima adj. "lovely, beautiful, desirable" (ID, FS, PE17:155), in FS also pl. írimar; in the "Qenya" of Fíriel's Song, adjectives in -a form their plurals in -ar instead of -ë as in LotR-style Quenya.

ninya

my

ninya _possessive pron _occurring in Fíriel's Song, evidently meaning "my"; see indo-ninya. It may be derived from the dative form nin "for me" by adding the adjectival ending -ya. Compare menya, q.v.

ninya

pronoun. my

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-en

suffix. my

_1st sg. poss. suff. my.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Later -nin_. lammen, -nin

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

deil

lovely

_ adj. _lovely, beautiful. Q. lelya. dail

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < _delya_ < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

eneth

noun. name

[VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

esta-

verb. to name

[estathar SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

melui

adjective. lovely, sweet

This word only occurs in the place name Imloth Melui, a vale where roses grew

[LotR/V:VIII, VT/42:18, RC/582] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dail

adjective. lovely

_ adj. _lovely, beautiful. Q. lelya. deil

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < _delya_ < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

nín

adjective. my

The acute accent in nín has sometimes been regarded as an error for a slanted macron in the manuscript, since all the other attested personal adjectives from Sauron defeated all have a circumflex accent. It was however noted that if the acute accent is confirmed, then this word is probably an enclitic, see HL/73. The acute accent is now confirmed by VT/44

[UT/40, VT/44:22] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nín

my

nín (following a noun with article: i adar nín, ”my father”). Not to be confused with nîn ”watery, wet” or as noun ”tear”, or the pl. form of nên ”water”. In a very few attested cases, the pronoun ”my” appears as an ending -en added to a noun (lammen ”my tongue”, guren ”my heart”).

nín

pronoun. my

[UT/040.3903; UT/054.2004; VT44/22.2701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eneth

name

(noun) eneth (pl. enith)

esta

name

(verb.) esta- (call) (i esta, in estar)

Telerin 1RjR7T5

nia

pronoun. my

[VT41/11.2410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-ai

suffix. plural of adjectives

[PE17/076.2107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

en(we)

noun. name

[QL/035.7201; QL/035.7202; QL/035.7301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enwe

noun. name

Also glossed as “a name”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
emb-stem-QL/035.7201

[QL/035.7202; QL/035.7201; QL/035.7301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esta-

verb. name, to name

[Ety/ES.005; EtyAC/ES.009; PE22/124.2206; PE22/124.2302; PE22/124.4014; PE22/124.4017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melwa

adjective. lovely, lovely, fair

[LT1A/Nessa.092; QL/060.8301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ninya

pronoun. my

[LR/072.1705; PE22/123.4614] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

enn

noun. name

[GL/32.8001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.