Quenya zR5Ì#

-e

suffix. plural of adjectives

[PE17/076.2112] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ëa

suffix. ordinal suffix

Variations of the word: -ea.

Element in: Q. attëa, Q. enquëa, Q. lempëa, Q. otsëa, Q. quainëa, Q. toldëa

[VT42/25.0804; VT42/26.2006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

essë

name

essë (1) noun "name", also later name of Tengwa #31, originally (MET) called árë (ázë). (Appendix E). With a pronominal ending esselya "thy name" (VT43:14). Pl. #essi in PM:339 and MR:470, gen.pl. #esseron "of names" in the compound Nómesseron (q.v.); we would rather have expected *ession, given the nom.pl. essi; perhaps #esser is a valid alternative plural form. Essecarmë noun "name-making" (MR:214, 470), Eldarin ceremony where the father announces the name of his child. Essecenta *("k") noun "Name-essay" (see centa) (MR:415); Essecilmë noun "name-choosing", an Eldarin ceremony where a child named him- or herself according to personal lámatyávë (q.v.) (MR:214, 471). The meaning Tolkien originally assigned to the word essë** in the Etymologies was "place" rather than "name" (VT45:12).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-i

-i

-i nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in a consonant and in -ë; in the latter case, is displaced (e.g. Quendë pl. Quendi).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

intë

pronoun. themselves

Also glossed as “Pl 3 reflexive”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
im-same-
it(ë)if-

[VT47/37.3106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esta-

verb. name

[PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

sanda

name

[sanda, sandë] (þ) (2) noun "name" (VT46:16)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Nólion

son of knowledge

Nólion (ñ?), second name of Vardamir Nólion (UT:210). Perhaps "son of knowledge", nólë (q.v.) + -ion "son", which ending displaces a final -ë (compare Aranwion "son of Aranwë", UT:50 cf. 32)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ninya

pronoun. my

ninya

my

ninya _possessive pron _occurring in Fíriel's Song, evidently meaning "my"; see indo-ninya. It may be derived from the dative form nin "for me" by adding the adjectival ending -ya. Compare menya, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

melwa

lovely

melwa adj. "lovely" (LT1:262); compare melda in Tolkiens later Quenya.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

írimë

feminine name. Lovely

The father-name of the fourth child and youngest daughter of Finwë (MR/207, PM/343). It seems to be a feminized form of the adjective írima “desirable, lovely”.

Conceptual Development: When she first appeared, her name was given as Írimë and she was either the middle or youngest daughter, varying in birth-order with a third daughter Faniel (MR/207, 238), who later disappeared from the texts. At one point her name was temporarily changed to Finvain (MR/262), but later still she reappeared as Írimë, as the second of only two daughters (PM/343). Confusingly, her name was then changed to Írien just a few lines later, without explanation.

Christopher Tolkien discusses the changing names for Finwë’s daughters on PM/359, notes #26 and #28. This lexicon uses Írimë as the most common of her names.
Variations of the word: Írimë, Írien.

Elements

WordGlossSource
írimadesirable-

[PMI/Írimë.009; PE17/112.2314; MRI/Írimë.001; PM/343.2301; PMI/Írimë.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

írima

lovely, beautiful, desirable

írima adj. "lovely, beautiful, desirable" (ID, FS, PE17:155), in FS also pl. írimar; in the "Qenya" of Fíriel's Song, adjectives in -a form their plurals in -ar instead of -ë as in LotR-style Quenya.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

intë

themselves

intë *"themselves", 3rd person pl. reflexive pronoun, e.g. *i neri tirir intë, "the men watch themselves". Intë is derived from earlier imte(VT47:37). Conceivably intë* is only used for "themselves" with reference to persons; impersonal "themselves" ought to be inta or intai, compare ta #3, tai #2. A form intai might however have evolved into intë by the Third Age (like pl. adjectives in -ai later came to end in -ë), thus converging with the "personal" form.% In an earlier source, Tolkien listed intë as an emphatic pronoun "they", 3rd person plural (VT49:48, 49); compare the pronominal ending -ntë. The word intë** (derived from inde via inze, an unusual development in Quenya) also appears as a candidate 2nd person singular polite form (VT49:49).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-a

it is said

-r nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in -a, -i, -, -o, -u, e.g. Ainur, Valar, tier. Occasionally it is added also to nouns ending in -ë (that normally take the ending -I in the pl.). This seems to regularly happen in the case of nouns in - (see #fintalë, mallë, tyellë), sometimes also otherwise (see Ingwë, wendë, essë #1). This plural ending was ("it is said") first used by the Noldor (PM:402).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

essë

noun. name

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
esselya2nd-sg-polite-poss*thy nameVT43/14.3001
esserongenitive pluralof ... namesVT42/17.1302-2
essipluralnamesMR/216.1005; MR/470.1901; PM/339.2012
essipluralgiven namesUT/266.0410
essipluralnamesUTI/epessë.016

Element in: Q. amilessë, Q. anessë, Q. cilmessë, Q. epessë, Q. Essecilmë, Q. notessë

[LotR/1123.0701; WJ/359.1003-1; MR/470.1901; VT43/14.3001; VT42/17.1302-2; MR/216.1005; MR/470.1903; PM/339.2012; UT/266.0410; UTI/epessë.016; MR/216.1005|MR/470.1901|PM/339.2012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esse

noun. name

[PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

-da

suffix. product of an action

Element in: Q. carda, Q. cenda, Q. yulda

epessë

noun. after-name

Elements

WordGlossSource
epëbefore; after (of time)-
essëname-

[PM/339.3010; UT/266.1305; UTI/epessë.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. by-

Also glossed as “beside; outside; near”, “near”, “by”, “beside”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
ar(a)beside-

Element in: Q. Araman, Q. armaro, Q. artarindo, Q. Arvernien, Q. astarmo, Q. Arnen

[PE17/071.0904-1; PE17/169.2405; PE17/169.2603; VT42/17.2812] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anessë

noun. given (or added) name

Also glossed as “given name”, “given or added name”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
anta-to give-
essëname-
essigiven (or added) namesMR/216.1005

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
anessiplural-MR/470.1201
Anessipluralgiven (or added) namesMR/216.0709

[MR/217.2302; MR/470.1201; MR/470.1203; MR/216.0709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amilessë

noun. mother-name

Elements

WordGlossSource
amil(lë)mother-
essëname-

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
amilessipluralmother-namesMR/217.0102; MR/470.1101

[MR/217.0102; MR/470.1101; MR/217.0102|MR/470.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ttë

suffix. themselves

Also glossed as “3rd pl reflexive”.

[VT49/21.0204-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-on

name

-on gen.pl. ending (3O), in aldaron, aranion, elenion, Eldaron, #esseron, Ingweron, Istarion, Númevalion, Quendion, Silmarillion, Sindaron, tasarion (see Nan-Tasarion), Valion, wenderon, yénion. Normally the ending -on is added to the nominative plural, whether it ends in -i or -r, but some nouns in -ë that would have nominative plurals in -i seem to prefer the ending -ron in the genitive (hence #esseron as the gen. pl. of essë "name", though the nominative pl. is attested as essi and we might have expected the gen. pl. *ession; similarly wenderon, Ingweron).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-nya

suffix. my

Also glossed as “1st person singular possessive”, “1 sg.”.
Variations of the word: -nya.

Element in: Q. amya, Q. atya, Q. onya

[PE17/057.2801; PE17/067.1001; PE17/132.0807; PE17/190.2702; VT49/16.3503; VT49/38.2209; VT49/48.3204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nya

my

-nya pronominal suffix, 1st person sg. possessive, "my" (VT49:16, 38, 48), e.g. tatanya "my daddy" (UT:191, VT48:17), meldonya "my [male] friend" (VT49:38), meldenya "my [female] friend" (Elaine inscription), omentienya "my meeting" (PE17:68), tyenya "my tye" (tye being an intimate form of "you"), used = "dear kinsman" (VT49:51, 56). This ending seems to prefer i as its connecting vowel where one is needed, cf. Anarinya "my sun" in LR:72, so also in hildinyar "my heirs". It was previously theorized by some that a final -ë would also be changed to -i- before -nya, but the example órenya "my heart [órë]" indicates that this is not the case (VT41:11).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

sanya

name

[sanya] (þ) (2) noun ?"name" (reading of gloss uncertain, VT46:16)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-en

suffix. my

_1st sg. poss. suff. my.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Later -nin_. lammen, -nin

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-en

suffix. my

Also glossed as “1st sg. poss. suffix”, “possessive suffix of 1st person sg.”, “1st person singular possessive”.

[PE17/046.2302; PE17/046.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dail

adjective. lovely

_ adj. _lovely, beautiful. Q. lelya. deil

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < _delya_ < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

deil

lovely

_ adj. _lovely, beautiful. Q. lelya. dail

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < _delya_ < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

eneth

noun. name

[VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eneth

noun. name

Elements

WordGlossSource
en-to nameVT44/24.2012
-thgerundVT44/24.2306

[VT44/24.2001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esta-

verb. to name

[estathar SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

melui

adjective. lovely, sweet

This word only occurs in the place name Imloth Melui, a vale where roses grew

[LotR/V:VIII, VT/42:18, RC/582] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

melui

adjective. lovely

Also glossed as “sweet”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
mel-to love-
-ui-ful-

Element in: S. Imloth Melui

[RC/582.1506; VT42/18.1206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nín

adjective. my

The acute accent in nín has sometimes been regarded as an error for a slanted macron in the manuscript, since all the other attested personal adjectives from Sauron defeated all have a circumflex accent. It was however noted that if the acute accent is confirmed, then this word is probably an enclitic, see HL/73. The acute accent is now confirmed by VT/44

[UT/40, VT/44:22] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nín

pronoun. my

Variations of the word: nín.

[UT/040.3903; UT/054.2004; VT44/22.2701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eneth

name

(noun) eneth (pl. enith)

esta

name

(verb.) esta- (call) (i esta, in estar)

nín

my

nín (following a noun with article: i adar nín, ”my father”). Not to be confused with nîn ”watery, wet” or as noun ”tear”, or the pl. form of nên ”water”. In a very few attested cases, the pronoun ”my” appears as an ending -en added to a noun (lammen ”my tongue”, guren ”my heart”).

Telerin 1RjR7T5

nia

pronoun. my

[VT41/11.2410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

-ôn

suffix. adjective or agental suffix

A suffix appearing only in the name Pharazôn “Golden” and possibly also in Zimrathôn. Since the element pharaz is elsewhere defined as “gold” (LotR/1114, SD/426), perhaps this suffix can be used to form adjectives from nouns in Adûnaic. Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/ZIM’R) it may instead be an agental suffix, a variant of -ân.

Element in: AD. Pharazôn, AD. Zimrathôn

-dâ-

suffix. verbal suffix

A possible causative verbal suffix in ugrudâ- “to overshadow”, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne (VSH/24). It may be related to Primitive Elvish causative suffix ✶-tā. Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne instead suggested (VSH/24) it may be related to the Adûnaic prepositional suffix -ada “to, toward”.

Element in: AD. ugrudâ-

-râ-

suffix. causative suffix

A possible element in the verb azgarâ- “to wage war”, perhaps a causative suffix, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne (VSH/24).

Element in: AD. azgarâ-


Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

delya

adjective. lovely

Also glossed as “fine”, “beautiful”.

[PE17/151.1301; PE17/151.1507] Group: Eldamo. Published by

imte

pronoun. themselves

Also glossed as “Pl 3 reflexive”.

[VT47/37.3107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

-k

suffix. masculine suffix

A (primitive?) masculine suffix used in the formation of (male) mîk “baby” from the root ✶Ad. √MIYI (SD/427). Tolkien stated that that k was one of the “favoured” masculine consonants (SD/427).

[SD/427.04061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-th

suffix. feminine suffix

A (primitive?) feminine suffix used in the formation of mîth “baby girl” from the root ✶Ad. √MIYI (SD/427). Tolkien stated that that th was one of the “favoured” feminine consonants (SD/427).

[SD/427.0304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

en(we)

noun. name

Also glossed as “a name”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
emb-stem-QL/035.7201

[QL/035.7202; QL/035.7201; QL/035.7301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

enwe

noun. name

Also glossed as “a name”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
emb-stem-QL/035.7201

[QL/035.7202; QL/035.7201; QL/035.7301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esse

noun. name

Also glossed as “a name”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
esselíneninstrumental partitive-plural-SD/047.0207
esseneninstrumentalby namePE22/124.2305
esserpluralnamesPE22/022.0105-2; PE22/022.2804-2
qessenenpassive-participleby namePE22/124.4102

Element in: MQ. Qantesser, MQ. Tengwesser

[Ety/ES.008; PE22/022.1203; PE22/051.0204; SD/047.0207; PE22/124.2305; PE22/022.0105-2; PE22/022.2804-2; PE22/124.4102; PE22/022.0105-2|PE22/022.2804-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

írima

adjective. lovely

Also glossed as “desirable”, “Lovely”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
írelovely, desirableEty/ID.007

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
írimarplural[are] beautifulLR/072.1402; LR/072.3802

Element in: MQ. Írimor

[Ety/ID.009; LR/072.1606; LR/072.1402; LR/072.3802; LR/072.1402|LR/072.3802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melwa

adjective. lovely

Also glossed as “fair”.

[LT1A/Nessa.092; QL/060.8301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ninya

pronoun. my

Variations of the word: inya.

[PE22/123.4614; LR/072.1705] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

-en

suffix. adjectival suffix

An adjectival suffix appearing as both -en and -in, and in one place as -on: Brithon. The -en form can be easily explained as a derivative of the primitive suffix ᴹ✶-inā, with the [primitive [i] becoming [e] due to Ilkorin a-affection](/w/short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a]), the same origin as the Noldorin adjectival suffix -en. The -in variant is more difficult to explain. At least one example lómen had variations with both -en and -in, so perhaps the two forms represented vacillation on the function of Ilkorin a-affection, or an alternate primitive form ᴹ✶-ină where the final ă was lost before a-affection.

Alterately, -in could be a Doriathrin-specific variant, since the forms where it appears are all Doriathrin, while the forms where -en appear are marked Ilkorin, excepting only lómen which was itself revised from lómin.
Variations of the word: -en.

Element in: ILK. losgen, ILK. muilin, ILK. ngorthin, ILK. brithon, ILK. Ermabuin, ILK. lómen, ILK. thúren

[Ety/LAM.020-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-os

suffix. abstract ending

Apparently an abstract noun suffix appearing in the words Aros and thalos, perhaps of the same origin as the abstract endings ᴹQ. -sse and N. -as, though Helge Fauskanger suggested instead that it is related to the locative suffix ᴹQ. -sse (AL-Ilkorin/thalos).
Variations of the word: -os.

Element in: ILK. Aros, ILK. thalos

[Ety/STAL.011-2; Ety/YAR.022-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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