Sindarin

benn

n. man, male

dîr

n. man, adult male; agental suffix

[PE17/060.2311] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dîr

man

1) (adult male of any speaking race) dîr (dír-, also agentive ending -dir or -nir; with article, i nîr, hard mutation as in o ndîr), no distinct pl. form except with article (i ndîr); coll. pl. díriath. Also benn (i venn, construct ben), pl. binn (i minn). The latter is in archaic language used = "husband" (the etymological meaning). The ending -we in names may also express ”being, man, person”. 2) (mortal human as opposed to Elf) Adan (pl. Edain; the coll. pl. Adanath is attested). The word Adan came to be used primarily of a member of the Three Houses of the Edain, not of the mortal race of Men in general.

Noldorin

benno

n. man

[Ety/BES.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gweg

n. man, male

[PE13/122.1301, PE13/122.1304, PE13/146.6001, PE13/146.6105, PE13/162.7801, PE13/162.7901, PE13/162.8203, PE13/162.8306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quenya

Atan

n. Man, (lit.) the Second (People)

[LotR/1034.0609, LotR/1128.2202, LotRI/Atani.001, LotRI/Edain.002, LRI/Atani.001, MR/007.0801, MRI/Atani.001, PE17/018.2612, PE17/018.2613, PE17/136.1002, PE17/136.1004, PM/054.3502, PM/054.3610, PM/324.2511, PM/324.4305, PMI/Atani.001, PMI/Atani.007, S/103.1911, SA/atar.006, SI/Atani.001, SI/Atani.007, UTI/Atani.001, UTI/Edain.015, WJ/219.3501, WJ/386.2505, WJ/386.2803, WJ/387.1803, WJ/403.1001, WJ/403.1003, WJI/Atani.001, WJI/Atani.005, WRI/Atani.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lér

man

**lér noun "man" (NI1; hypothetical Q form of PQ dēr; the form actually used in Quenya was nér)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

nér

n. man, male person; adult male

[MR/213.1903, MR/213.2410, MR/226.0512, MR/229.0702, MR/229.0905, MR/471.2101, MR/471.2103, UT/211.1410-2, UT/229.3705-1, VT49/17.1106, WJ/393.0612] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nér

man

nér (1) (ner-, as in pl. neri) noun "man" (adult male elf, mortal, or of other speaking race) (MR:213, VT49:17, DER, NDER, NI1, VT45:9; see also WJ:393)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

vëo

man

vëo noun "man" (WEG; etymologically connected to vëa "manly, vigorous"; the more neutral word for "man" is nér. According to VT46:21, Tolkien indicated that vëo is an archaic or poetic word.) Tolkien at a later point defined the word as "living creature" (PE17:189). Cf. variant wëo, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Telerin

pen

n. man, *somebody, *someone

[WJ/362.0103, WJ/362.0108, WJ/375.1802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin

beorn

n. man

A noun for “man” that developed from the blending of primitive ᴹ✶besnō “man” and ᴹ✶berō “valiant man, warrior” > ber(n)ō (Ety/BER, BES). The simplest explanation is that ᴹ✶besnō > beznō > bernō, where first the [[[s] voiced to [z] before the nasal [n]]] and then the resulting [[[z] becoming [r]]]. The similarity of this word to ᴹ✶berō could have led it to develop into ber(n)ō as well. From there, the [[[e] broke into the diphthong [eo] before the liquid [r]]] and then the final vowel vanished.

[Ety/BER.044, Ety/BES.031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beorn

n. man

The shift of e to eo is strange and has no direct parallels, but compare eo from i in meord "fine rain" (< primitive mizdê). Normally final becomes in Nandorin (see golda), but here it is simply lost instead of producing *beorna. C.f. meord the other word where we might have expected to see a final -a (in that case from ); it may be that final vowels are lost in words that would otherwise come to have more than two syllables. - The shift of primitive s to r in besnô > beorn may be ascribed primarily to the blending with ber(n)ô, but r from z is seen in meord < mizdê; perhaps the s of besnô first became z and then r. Such developments are common in Quenya.

[H. Fauskanger (LR:352)] besnô "blend with" ber(n)ô "valiant man, warrior". Published by

Adûnaic

narû

n. man, male

A noun translated “soldier” and fully declined as an example of an (archaic) masculine Strong II noun (SD/437). The archaic form of this word is †naru which is a Strong II noun since it ends in a single short vowel. Its non-archaic form is narû, which is presumably declined as a Weak II noun; most masculine and feminine nouns became weak in Classical Adûnaic (SD/436). It may be related to the Primitive Elvish root √N(D)ER, as suggested by several authors (/20, /Adûnaic, /NERE).

[SD/434.3103, SD/437.1603, SD/437.1608, SD/437.1902, SD/437.2001, SD/437.2102, SD/437.2203, SD/437.2302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

ndē̆r

n. man, bridegroom

[PE19/102.1817] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nēr

n. man, a male person

[PE19/102.1816, WJ/393.0404] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Edain

bar

n. man

[WJ/238.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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