Sindarin

a

conj. and

conj. and. Pedo mellon a minno! 'Say friend and enter'. Q. ar.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] < ad(a). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

a

and

conj. and.Form of ad/ada before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

a

conj. and

[LB/354.3003, Let/448.3507, LotR/0305.0504, LotR/0953.2202, MR/329.2103, MR/373.2712, PE17/041.1401, PE17/041.2602, PE17/041.2814, PE17/041.3104, PE17/041.3106, PE17/041.3312, PE17/102.2402, PE17/102.2606, PE17/145.2814, PE17/145.3103, SA/ar.009, SD/129.0102, SD/129.0303, SD/129.0507, SD/129.0601, SD/129.0605, SD/129.0609, SD/129.0704, SD/129.0803, VT43/30.0507, VT44/28.2201, VT47/31.0505, VT50/18.2201, VT50/19.1501, VT50/20.1205-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a

and

conj. and. About his mutation, see PE17:145.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:145] < ADA beside, alongside, by. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ad

conj. and

conj. and. a/adh before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar.

See also a, ada, adh

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ada

conj. and

conj. and. a/adh before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar.

See also a, ad, adh

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð} conj. and. About his mutation, see PE17:145.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:145] < ADA beside, alongside, by. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð} conj. and.Form of ad/ada before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar.

See also a, ad, ada

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð} conj. and. It was not mutated before vowels.

See also a

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] < O.S. ath. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

a

and

a, or ah when the next word begins in a vowel: Finrod ah Andreth, Finrod and Andreth. In some sources, Tolkien uses ar as the conjunction "and", but a(h) would seem to be the proper Sindarin form.

Quenya

-yë

and

- (4) conj. "and" as a suffix added to the second of a pair, as Menel Cemenyë "Heaven and Earth" (VT47:30, 31, VT49:25). Other "pairs" are mentioned as examples but not actually translated into Quenya by Tolkien: Sun and Moon (*Anar Isilyë), Land and Sea (*Nór Eäryë), fire and water (*nárë nenyë, or *úr nenyë).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

and

and

a (2) conj. "and", a variant of ar occurring in Fíriel's Song (that also has ar; a seems to be used before words in f-, but contrast ar formenna *"and northwards" in a late text, VT49:26). According to PE17:41, "Old Quenya" could have the conjunction a (as a variant of ar) before n, ñ, m, h, hy, hw (f is not mentioned), PE17:71 adding ty, ny, hr, hl, ñ, l, r, þ, s. See ar #1. It may be that the a or the sentence nornë a lintieryanen "he ran with his speed" (i.e. as quickly as he could) is to be understood as this conjunction, if the literal meaning is *"he ran and [did so] with his speed" (PE17:58).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ar

and

o (1) conj. "and", occurring solely in SD:246; all other sources give ar.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ar

conj. and

[LotR/0377.3801, LotR/0377.3901, LotR/0377.4005, LotR/0967.3507, PE17/041.1406, PE17/041.2804, PE17/041.3303, PE17/070.1602, PE17/070.1701, PE17/071.0714, PE17/071.1401, PE17/071.2204, PE17/071.3810, PE17/071.3812, PE17/071.4018, PE17/071.4116, PE17/072.2702, PE17/102.2604, PE17/103.3202, PE17/145.2811, PE17/174.0102, PE17/175.2702, PE17/175.2710, PE17/175.2713, PE17/175.2804, PE22/147.1201-1, RGEO/58.1501, RGEO/58.1601, RGEO/58.1705, RGEO/59.0704, RGEO/59.0904, RGEO/59.1301, S/190.3705, SA/ar.006, UT/305.1408, UT/305.1601, VT43/17.1615, VT43/18.2901, VT43/21.4001, VT43/31.1701, VT43/34.1501, VT43/36.3704, VT44/10.4001, VT44/34.3601, VT47/04.1414, VT47/31.0404, VT49/25.1901, VT49/27.3906, VT49/40.1213, WJ/166.2406] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

and

ar (1) conj. "and" (AR2, SA, FS, Nam, RGEO:67, CO, LR:47, 56, MC:216, VT43:31, VT44:10, 34; see VT47:31 for etymology, cf. also VT49:25, 40). The older form of the conjunction was az (PE17:41). Ar is often assimilated to al, as before l, s (PE17:41, 71), but "in written Quenya ar was usually written in all cases" (PE17:71). In one case, Tolkien altered the phrase ar larmar "and raiments" to al larmar; the former may then be seen as representing the spelling, whereas the latter represents the pronunciation(PE17:175). More complex schemes of assimilation are suggested to have existed in "Old Quenya", the conjunction varying between ar, a and as depending on the following consonant (PE17:41, 71). An alternative longer form of the conjunction, arë, is said to occur "occasionally in Tolkien's later writings" (VT43:31, cf. VT48:14). In the Etymologies, the word for "and" was first written as ar(a) (VT45:6). In one source, Tolkien notes that Quenya used ar "as preposition beside, next, or as adverb = and" (PE17:145); compare ara.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

arë

and

arë conj. "and", longer form of ar, q.v. (VT43:31)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

az

and

az, archaic form of the conjunction ar "and"; see ar #1.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

yo

and

yo conj. "and", "often used between two items (of any part of speech) that were by nature or custom clearly associated, like the names of spouses (Manwë yo Varda), or "sword and sheath" (*macil yo vainë), "bow and arrows" (*quinga yo pilindi), or groups like "Elves and Men" (Eldar yo Fírimor but contrast eldain a fírimoin [dative forms] in FS, where Tolkien joins the words with a, seemingly simply a variant of the common conjunction ar). In one source, yo is apparently a preposition "with" (yo hildinyar = *"with my heirs", SD:56).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Black Speech

agh

conj. and

[LotR/0254.1401, LotR/1117.1103, PE17/011.1104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

as(a)

prep. and

[PE17/041.3306, VT43/30.0501, VT47/31.0405] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.