n. Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Q. ear. nef aear, sí nef aearon lit. 'beyond the Sea, here beyond the Great Sea'.
n. Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form gaer. Q. ear.
This word is variously attested as gaear, gaer and aear in later writings. The presence or absence of the initial g- depends on whether its root is √AY(AR) (as it appears in the Etymologies and some later writings) or √GAY(AR) (as it appears in other later writings). The appearance of aear can be generally be explained as the lenited form of gaear, and so gaear should probably be preferred.
Similarly, the form gaer appears primarily as an element in compounds, and can be explained as a reduced form of gaear in that context. For these reasons, this lexicon uses gaear as the ordinary Sindarin word for “sea”. This has the additional advantage of disambuiguating it from the adjective gaer¹ “dreadful”. @@@
n.Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form of gaear.Q. aire (obsolete).
aear (ocean); pl. aeair. The shorter form aer (for N oer) is maybe best avoided since it can be confused with aer "holy", unless the latter is actually a lenited form of gaer. Forms with g-, representing an alternative concept of the word for ”sea”: gaear (i aear) (ocean), pl. gaeair (i ngaeair = i ñaeair) (PM:363), also gaer (i aer, no distinct pl. form except with article: i ngaer = i ñaer), but homophones of the latter mean "reddish, copper-coloured, ruddy" and also "dreadful, awful, fearful; holy".