Sindarin

galadh

tree

{ð} n. tree. In Sindarin, there was no much distinction in size between galað and orn. A galað was more thick, dense and branching than a orn. Birch, ash and oak are of the orn kind. Q. alda.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:25:136] < *galaða < *galadā < GAL to grow (like a plant). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

galadh

tree

n. Bot.tree, like oak (nordh) and beech. A galadh was more thick, dense and branching than a orn. In Sindarin, there was no much distinction in size between galað and orn. A galað was more thick, dense and branching than a orn. Birch, ash and oak are of the orn kind. Q. alda.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:25:50] < *galadā a large plant (general term), tree < GALA grow like plants. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

galadh

n. tree

[LB/354.3004, Let/426.3506, LotR/1113.2606, MR/182.4410, MR/470.3001, PE17/025.3702, PE17/050.0806, PE17/060.0609, PE17/060.0711, PE17/063.0806, PE17/097.2702, PE17/136.0210, PE17/153.0314, PE17/153.1404, RGEO/65.2402, SA/alda.011, SA/kal.026, UT/267.0208] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oron

n. tree

n. Bot. tree. Also in compound -(o)rŏnō.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:89] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

galadh

tree

1) galadh (i aladh), pl. gelaid (i ngelaidh = i ñelaidh) (Letters:426, SD:302). 2) orn (pl. yrn). Note: a homophone means ”tall”.

Quenya

alda

tree

alda noun "tree" (GALAD, GÁLAD, SA, Nam, RGEO:66, LR:41, SD:302, LT1:249, LT2:340, VT39:7), also name of tengwa #28 (Appendix E). Pl. aldar in Narqelion; gen. pl. aldaron "of trees" in Namárië. Etymology of alda, see Letters:426 and UT:266-7. The latter source states that primitive ¤galadā, whence Quenya alda, originally applied to stouter and more spreading trees such as oaks or beeches, while straighter and more slender trees such as birches were called ¤ornē, Quenya ornë - but this distinction was not always observed in Quenya, and it seems that alda became the general word. According to PE17:25, primitive galada (sic) referred to "a plant (large) and was a general term". Place-name Aldalómë ""tree-night" or "tree-shade-night" (LotR2:III ch. 4, translated in PE17:82); Aldarion masc. name, *"Son of (the) Trees" (Appendix A), Tar-Aldarion a Númenorean King (UT:210). Aldaron a name of Oromë (Silm); aldinga "tree-top" (VT47:28), aldarembina (pl. aldarembinë attested) adj. "tree-tangled", the cognate of Sindarin galadhremmin`(PM:17:26).Aldúya fourth day of the Eldarin six-day week, dedicated to the Trees (Appendix D). The word seems to include *Aldu, a dual form referring to the Two Trees. The Númenóreans altered the name to Aldëa (presumably < *aldajā), referring to one tree (the White) only. The dual Aldu seems to occur also in Aldudénië` "Lament for the Two Trees" (a strange word, since Quenya does not permit intervocalic d as in this word perhaps the Vanyarin dialect of Quenya did) (Silm)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

alda

n. tree

[Let/426.3504, LotR/0377.2905, LotR/1113.2611, LotR/1123.0602, MR/100.2507-1, PE17/025.3901, PE17/050.0808, PE17/063.0802, PE17/063.0807, PE17/063.0908, PE17/063.1005, PE17/126.3602, PE17/135.4516, PE17/136.0101, PE17/153.0403, PE17/153.1402, RC/385.0602, RGEO/58.0605, RGEO/58.4403, RGEO/65.2411, RGEO/65.2502, SA/alda.001, UT/167.3607-2, VT39/07.0301, VT39/07.0407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ornë

tree

ornë noun "tree" (Letters:308, SD:302: "when smaller and more slender like a birch or rowan", Etym stem ÓR-NI: "tree, high isolated tree"). For the etymology, see Letters:426; for (original) difference in meaning between ornë and alda, see alda. In ornemalin "tree-yellow"; see laurelindórenan lindelorendor... (LotR2:III ch. 4; cf. Letters:308), also as final element in malinornë "yellow-tree, mallorn" (q.v.) Masc. name Ornendil *"Tree-friend" (Appendix A), compound Ornelië "tree-folk" (Quenya name of the Galadhrim, the tree-people of Lórien) (TI:239).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Telerin

galla

n. tree

[VT39/07.0305, VT39/19.1111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin

galad

n. tree

[MR/182.4501, PE17/050.0804, PE17/060.0603, PE17/060.0710] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galad

n. tree

[PE17/50] < galadā. Published by

galad

n. tree

Derived from galadâ "great growth", "tree", applied to stout and spreading trees such as oaks and beeches (UT:266, Letters:426; in the latter source, the root GAL is defined as "grow", intransitive). It is interesting to notice that this word, given in a source much later than the Etymologies that provides most of the Nandorin material, nonetheless agrees well with the older words cited by Tolkien: again we see the loss of original final , whereas original post-vocalic d is unchanged as in the word edel.

[H. Fauskanger (Letters:426, MR:182, UT:266)] < GAL. Published by

Doriathrin

gald

n. tree

A Doriathrin noun for “tree” derived from the root ᴹ√GÁLAD (Ety/GALAD), probably from a primitive form *✶galadā with the second a lost due to the Ilkorin Syncope. Note that the first element [[[gal-] did not reduce to [gl-]]] because the initial syllable was stressed in the primitive word.

[Ety/GALAD.094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

orn

n. tree

A Doriathrin noun for “tree” derived from the root ᴹ√ÓR-NI or ᴹ√ÓRON (Ety/ÓR-NI, EtyAC/NEL). According Tolkien, it was “in Doriath used especially of beech, but as a suffix [it was] used of any tree of any size” (Ety/ÓR-NI). The root ᴹ√ÓR-NI in the Etymologies suggests a primitive form of ᴹ✶ornĭ, but elsewhere Tolkien indicated the primitive form was ᴹ✶ornē (e.g. on SD/302). Both primitive forms would have produced Ilk. orn, as noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/orn).

[Ety/NEL.044-2, Ety/ÓR-NI.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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