Sindarin

parf

n. book

parf

book

parf (i barf, o pharf), pl. perf (i pherf), coll. pl. parvath

Noldorin

parma

n. book

[Ety/PAR.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quenya

parma

book

parma noun "book", also name of tengwa #2 (PAR, Appendix E). In early "Qenya", the gloss was "skin, bark, parchment, book, writings" (LT2:346); Tolkien later revisited the idea that parma basically is a noun "peel" and refers to bark or skin (as primitive writing materials, PE17:86): "peel, applied to bark or skin, hence "book", bark (literally skinning, peeling off), parchment, book; a book (or written document of some size")" (PE17:123). In the meantimeTolkien had associated the word with a root PAR meaning "compose, put together" (LR:380); the word loiparë "mistake in writing" (q.v.) may also suggest that the root PAR at one point was to mean "write", so that a parma was a *"written thing". Instrumental form parmanen "with a book" or "by means of a book" (PE17:91, 180), parmastanna "on your book" (with the endings -sta dual "your", -nna allative) (VT49:47), parmahentië noun "book reading" (PE17:77). Other compounds: parmalambë noun "book-language" = Q[u]enya (PAR), #parma-resta noun *"book-fair", attested with the endings -lya "thy" and the allative ending -nna (parma-restalyanna *"upon your book-fair") (VT49:38, 39). Parma as the name of the tengwa letter for P occurs compunded in parmatéma noun "p-series", labials, the second column of the Tengwar system (Appendix E).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

parma

n. book

book, writing, composition

[PE 18:51 PE 18:101] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

parma

n. book, writing, composition, written document of some size

[LotR/1122.4513, PE17/077.1613-1, PE17/086.2015, PE17/091.4104, PE17/091.4114, PE17/123.2402, PE17/156.3002, PE17/171.1703, PE17/180.1106, PE17/180.1211, PE18/101.1415, UTI/Parmaitë.008, VT49/39.2308, VT49/47.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya

tekte

n. book

[QL/090.6401, QL/090.6402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.