Sindarin

al-

pref. no, not

[PE17/101.0101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baw

interj. no, do not

[PE17/143.3703, PE17/145.1101, WJ/371.3709, WJ/372.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

panna-

v. to fill

pathra-

v. to fill

ú-

pref. no, not, negative; impossible

[LotR/1061.4005-1, PE17/062.4102-1, PE17/144.3113, PE17/144.3409, PE17/144.3708, PE17/144.3908, PE17/144.4401, PE17/144.4704-1, PE17/145.0411, PE17/145.0610, PE17/145.0614, UT/313.3808-1, VT42/33.1506, VT44/28.2701, WJ/369.4110] Group: Eldamo. Published by

û

adv. no, not

[PE17/144.3103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

û

interj. no

adv. or interj. no, not (of fact).

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:144] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

baw!

no

! (interjection expressing refusal or prohibition, not denying facts) baw! (dont!) Prefix

pathra

fill

pathra- (i bathra, i phathrar). Also panna- (i banna, i phannar), but pathra- may be preferred for clarity since panna- also means ”open, enlarge”.

Noldorin

interj. no

Quenya

lauva

lauva

lauva, see #1

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-uva

fill

-uva future tense ending. In avuva, caluva, cenuva, hiruva, (en)quantuva, (en)tuluva, laituvalmet, lauva, maruvan, termaruva, tiruvantes. A final -a drops out before the ending -uva is added: quanta- "fill", future tense quantuva (PE17:68). A verbal stem in -av- may be contracted when -uva follows, as when avuva is stated to have become auva (VT49:13). Origin/etymology of the ending -uva, see VT48:32. In VT49:30, the future tense of the verb "to be" is given as uva, apparently the future-tense "ending" appearing independently, but several other sources rather give nauva for "will be" (see #1).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

no, not

(1) adv. "no, not" (LA, VT45:25) According to VT42:33, is the stressed form, alternating with la when the negation is unstressed. In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, had the opposite meaning "yes" (VT42:32-33), but this idea is contradicted by both earlier and later material: usually is conceived as a negation. The negation can receive tense markers and be used as a negative verb "when [another] verb is not expressed" (VT49:13), apparently where the phrase "is not" is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood, as in English "I do not" (i.e. "I do not do whatever the context indicates"). With pronominal endings la- in the aorist, e.g. lanyë "I do not, am not" (etc.) (Tolkien abandoned the form lamin.) Exemplified in the sentence melin sé apa lanyë *"I love him but I do not [love] him" (another person) (VT49:15). Present tense laia, past lánë, perfect alaië, future lauva.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

il-

v. no, *un-

il- (prefix) "no, *un-" (LA); cf. ilfirin "immortal" (vs. firin "dead"). This prefix "denotes the opposite, the reversal, i.e. more than the mere negation" (VT42:32). But il- can also mean "all, every"; see ilaurëa, ilqua, ilquen.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

la

no, not

la negation "no, not" (see ); also prefix la- as in lacarë, q.v. (VT45:25)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

adv. no, not

[PE22/153.1903, PE22/153.1912, VT42/33.2310, VT42/33.2406, VT42/33.3611, VT49/13.1602, VT49/18.0111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quanta-

fill

quanta- (2) vb. "fill" (PE17:68), cf. enquantuva "will refill" in Namárië. This verb seems to spring from a secondary use of the adjective quanta "full" as a verbal stem, whereas the synonym quat- (q.v.) is the original primary verb representing the basic root KWAT.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

quat-

fill

quat- vb. "fill" (WJ:392), future #quantuva "shall fill" (enquantuva "shall refill") (Nam, RGEO:67) Irrespective of the prefix en- "re", the form enquatuva (VT48:11) displays the expected future tense of quat-. The Namárië form enquantuva seems to include a nasal infix as well, which is possibly an optional feature of the future tense. On the other hand, PE17:68 cites the verb as quanta- rather than quat-, and then the future-tense form quantuva would be straightforward.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ui

no

ui interjection "no" (originally an endingless negative verb in the 3rd person aorist: "it is not [so]"; see #u-). Apparently this is the word for "no" used to deny that something is true (compare , which is rather used to reject orders, or to issue negative orders). (VT49:28) Compare uito.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ú-

pref. no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy

[PE17/062.4102, PE17/063.0102, PE17/143.4202, PE17/144.1201, PE17/150.0303-1, PE22/152.0501, UT/211.1410-1, VT39/14.3702, VT42/33.1101, VT44/04.3901, VT49/15.3204, VT49/18.1805] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ub

adj. no, none

[GL/74.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

untha

adj. no, none

[GL/73.8701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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